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NCJ Number: NCJ 208346   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Patterns of Violence Against Women: Risk Factors and Consequences, Final Report
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Ross Macmillan ; Candace Kruttschnitt
Corporate Author: University of Minnesota
Dept of Sociology
United States of America
Date Published: 08/2004
Page Count: 53
  Annotation: This study examined patterns of violence against women over the life course and identified the related risk factors and consequences of such violence.
Abstract: Violence against women is distinct from violence against men in its strong relational nature; 78 percent of female victims are victimized by someone they know compared with only 51 percent of men. The current study addressed three main gaps in the research literature concerning violence against women. First, the current study examined patterns of both physical and sexual victimization over the life course and across a variety of victim-offender relationships. Second, individual risk factors for the identified patterns of victimization were examined and third, the consequences of particular patterns of victimization were considered. Data were drawn from the National Violence against Women Survey (NVAWS), a national telephone survey conducted with 8,000 women and 8,005 men from November 1995 through May 1996. Results of statistical analysis underscore the diversity of violence against women; different patterns emerged that showed violent victimization of women could take on many forms. Risk factors that emerged included childhood victimization and socioeconomic deprivation. Just as the patterns of violence were not uniform across the female victims, the consequences of the violent victimization were also diverse and included substance use, poor health outcomes, and perceived safety issues. Implications for policy include the need to tailor interventions in order to implement them within the context of on-going relationships. While the current findings highlighted the importance of childhood victimization in creating patterns of victimization through the life course, future research will need to examine how this early victimization produces these violent patterns. Tables, appendixes, endnotes
Main Term(s): Female victims ; Victims of violence
Index Term(s): Crime patterns ; Victimization risk ; NIJ final report ; NIJ grant-related documents
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2002-IJ-CX-0011
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
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