skip navigation

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 208701   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Rape Prevention Through Bystander Education: Bringing a Broader Community Perspective to Sexual Violence Prevention
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
  Author(s): Victoria L. Banyard ; Elizabethe G. Plante ; Mary M. Moynihan
  Corporate Author: University of New Hampshire
United States of America
  Date Published: 2005
  Page Count: 347
  Annotation: This report presents the evaluation of a bystander education program designed to prevent sexual violence.
  Abstract: Increasing recognition of the pervasive problem of sexual violence has lead to many types of prevention efforts. In order to determine what works in terms of rape prevention, empirical evaluation of existing programs is necessary. Following a review of the current rape prevention literature, the authors contend that the social and community psychology research literature offers a broad framework from which to expand rape prevention efforts. One such expanded rape prevention program that is grounded in a “community of responsibility” framework was evaluated for this research. Participants were 389 undergraduate college students who were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 treatment groups or the control group. Treatment groups received programming on how women and men can intervene safely and effectively in cases of sexual violence before, during, and after incidents involving attacks by strangers, acquaintances, or friends. The program does not label women as victims or men as perpetrators, but rather views both women and men as potential bystanders who can be empowered to intervene in cases of rape. The program is based on research findings concerning community change and prevention, as well as individually-focused studies of rape prevention and bystander behavior. Outcome measures for the current evaluation were gathered at pretest, posttest, and at 2-, 4-, and 12-month follow-ups. Outcome measures included readiness to change, knowledge, and attitudes. At the 2-month follow-up, participants in the treatment conditions exhibited improvements across the measures, while the control group showed no changes. Most program outcomes remained at the 4- and 12-month follow-up. Men and women appeared equally benefited by the program. Thus, the utility of using a bystander approach to rape prevention was confirmed and remains an area rich for future research. Figures, tables, references, appendixes
  Main Term(s): Program evaluation ; Rape prevention programs
  Index Term(s): Community support ; Community involvement ; Sexual assault ; NIJ grant-related documents
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2002-WG-BX-0009
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Program/Project Evaluation
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.