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NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

We encourage your Feedback. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Virtual Library and Abstracts Database, how you access the collection, and any ways we can improve our services.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
 
NCJ Number: NCJ 210302   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Quantitation of DNA for Forensic DNA Typing by qPCR (quantitative PCR): Singleplex and Multiple Modes for Nuclear and Mitochondrial Genomes, and the Y Chromosome
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Mark D. Timken ; Katie L. Swango ; Cristian Orrego ; Mavis Date Chong ; Martin R. Buoncristiani
Date Published: 2005
Page Count: 89
  Annotation: This report presents three quantitation assays developed to improve the accuracy and precision of DNA quantification, as well as tools to increase the effectiveness of the analysis of complex forensic samples.
Abstract: The quantitation of DNA plays a central role in all areas and applications of forensic DNA analysis. The careful evaluation of the quantity of DNA extracted from biological samples is an imperative for DNA typing via PCR. However, the quantitation methods commonly employed in forensics are often less accurate, time consuming, and require the consumption of a substantial percentage of what may be a precious sample. In this report, supported by the U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice, the use of real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR), a method commonly employed for a variety of molecular diagnostic and biotechnology procedures, was proposed for the quantification of DNA in forensic samples. The intent is to develop qPCR assays to quantify the human nuclear genome, the human mitochondrial genome, and the human Y-chromosome, and to multiplex these assays in order to quantify more than one genome (or chromosome) in a single reaction. Three quantitation assays were developed based on real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) methods and include: (1) a duplex qPCR assay that quantifies simultaneously the human nuclear and mitochondrial genomes; (2) a triplex assay for assessing the quantity and quality of human nuclear DNA; and (3) several singleplex assays to quantify human male (Y-chromosomal) DNA. All assays (tests) were developed utilizing 5’-hydrolysis detection chemistries for data collection on the ABI 7000 instrument. References
Main Term(s): DNA fingerprinting
Index Term(s): Testing and measurement ; Trace evidence ; Evidence identification and analysis ; Evaluation measures ; Effectiveness ; Forensics/Forensic Sciences ; NIJ grant-related documents
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2002-IJ-CX-K008
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

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Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=210302

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