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NCJ Number: NCJ 211976   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Experience of Violence in the Lives of Homeless Women: A Research Report
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
Author(s): Jana L. Jasinski ; Jennifer K. Wesely ; Elizabeth Mustaine ; James D. Wright
Date Published: 09/2005
Page Count: 102
  Annotation: This study examined the experiences of violence among 737 homeless women living in one of 4 cities in Florida, compared to a sample of 91 homeless men in 1 of the cities.
Abstract: Face-to-face interviews, which were conducted in the spring of 2003, used standardized instruments. The Conflict Tactics Scale measured the occurrence of "major violence" episodes; the Personal History Form recorded family characteristics as well as lifetime and recent homeless experiences; and the Addiction Severity Index focused on drug and alcohol use. The analysis concluded that approximately 25 percent of the women were homeless primarily because of experiences of violence; this sample of homeless women was far more likely to experience violence of all sorts than American women in general; the same was true of the sample of homeless men in relation to the general population of men. Homeless women, however, were far more likely than the men to be victims of intimate partner violence. The most significant risk factor for violent victimization as an adult was a pattern of physical, emotional, and sexual abuse as a child. Childhood victimizations apparently contributed to a distorted sense of normalcy in the women's relationships with men. Apparent consequences of the women's experiences of violence were increased substance abuse, emotional distress, and low self-esteem. These findings suggest that more attention should be given to the treatment of childhood victimization and its prevention. For homeless women victimized as children, their multiple emotional and behavioral problems cannot be addressed by the standard services of homeless shelters. Absent interventions that will address these needs, homeless women are at risk of repeating cycles of behavior that place themselves and their children in dangerous situations. Extensive tables and 63 references
Main Term(s): Victims of violence
Index Term(s): Child abuse ; Homeless persons ; Adults molested as children ; Homelessness causes ; Long term health effects of child abuse ; NIJ final report
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2002-WG-BX-0013
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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