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NCJ Number: NCJ 212266     Find in a Library
Title: Police Responses to Officer-Involved Shootings
  Document URL: HTML 
Author(s): David Klinger
  Journal: National Institute of Justice Journal  Issue:253  Dated:January 2006  Pages:21 to 24
Date Published: 01/2006
Page Count: 4
  Series: NIJ Journal
  Annotation: This article presents research findings on police responses to officer-involved shootings.
Abstract: Main findings of the article suggest that officers experience a range of emotional and physiological reactions as the event occurs, yet contrary to previous research findings most officers did not suffer long-term negative effects following the shooting. Indeed, most officers reported no negative symptoms 3 months following the shooting. Only one reaction, recurrent thoughts, persisted for more than 3 months following the shooting for one-third of the officers who reported problems following the 3-month mark. Factors identified as decreasing negative outcomes following a shooting were support from fellow officers and mandatory time-off. Contrary to previous findings, family support and mandatory counseling were not associated with reductions in negative outcomes for police involved in shootings. The findings call into question the efficacy of police training modules that stress the guilt and depression felt by some officers following shootings and suggest that mandatory counseling sessions for all officers involved in shootings may not be helpful. Research methods involved interviewing police officers and sheriff’s deputies recruited through snowball sampling. Tables, note
Main Term(s): Police use of deadly force
Index Term(s): Psychological research ; Police occupational stress
Grant Number: 97-IC-CX-0029
Type: Research Paper
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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