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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 213691   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Juvenile Suicide in Confinement: A National Survey
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Lindsay M. Hayes
  Corporate Author: National Ctr on Institutions and Alternatives
United States of America
  Date Published: 02/2009
  Page Count: 55
  Annotation: The primary goals of this first national survey on juvenile suicides in confinement (juvenile detention centers, reception centers, training schools, ranches, camps, and farms) were to determine the extent and distribution of such suicides and to obtain descriptive data on the demographic characteristics of each victim, incident characteristics, and the characteristics of the juvenile facility in which the suicide occurred.
  Abstract: The study identified 110 juvenile suicides that occurred between 1995 and 1999. Data were analyzed for 79 of these cases. For these 79 suicides, 41.8 percent occurred in training school/secure facilities, 36.7 percent in detention center, 15.2 percent in residential treatment centers, and 6.3 percent in reception/diagnostic centers. Nearly half of the suicides occurred in facilities administered by States; 39.2 percent occurred in county facilities; and 12.17 percent occurred in private programs. Percentages are reported for victims' race, gender, age, offense for which confined, status of confinement, and criminal history. Other data on the suicide victims pertain to history of substance abuse, medical problems, history of various types of abuse (physical, emotional, and sexual), and history of suicidal behavior. Data related to the circumstances of the suicide are also reported. Recommendations relate to the development and implementation of a written suicide prevention policy for every juvenile custodial facility. Critical components of such a policy are training, identification/screening, communication, housing, levels of supervision, intervention, reporting, and followup/mortality review. Since about half of the victims were on room confinement status at the time of their suicides, and 62 percent had a history of room confinement, the potential consequences of room confinement as a standard procedure should be carefully considered. Also, because suicides can occur at any time during a youth's confinement, a continuum of suicide prevention services should be established. 38 tables, 21 notes, approximately 100 references, and appended phase 1 and phase 2 survey instruments
  Main Term(s): Juvenile suicide
  Index Term(s): Juvenile inmates ; Inmate suicide ; Inmate characteristics ; Suicide prevention ; OJJDP grant-related documents
  Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
  Grant Number: 1999-JN-FX-0005
  Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research) ; Survey
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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