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NCJ Number: NCJ 214252   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Testing the Efficacy of SANE/SART Programs: Do They Make a Difference in Sexual Assault Arrest & Prosecution Outcomes?
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
Author(s): M. Elaine Nugent-Borakove ; Patricia Fanflik ; David Troutman ; Nicole Johnson ; Ann Burgess ; Annie Lewis O'Connor
Corporate Author: American Prosecutors Research Institute
United States of America
Date Published: 2006
Page Count: 223
  Annotation: This study examined the effectiveness of SANE (Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners)/SART (Sexual Assault Response Teams) programs as a tool in the criminal justice system, specifically the impact of sexual assault case outcomes.
Abstract: Findings examining the effectiveness of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners (SANE) and Sexual Assault Response Teams (SART) were quite supportive of SANE/SART interventions as valuable tools in the criminal justice system’s ability to respond to adult female sexual assault cases. SANE/SART interventions are effective tools in collecting and preserving valuable evidence for prosecution, including DNA evidence. An important finding is that SANE/SART interventions significantly increase the likelihood that charges will be filed in sexual assault cases. Additionally, even though a combined SANE and SART response yielded higher levels of participation than non-SANE/SART cases, SANE only cases showed the lowest levels of participation. Overall, the results are in favor of SANE/SART programs and help establish their effectiveness as a tool in the criminal justice system. This study supported by the U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice focused on the impact of SANE/SART interventions on the formal criminal justice response, specifically the outcomes of sexual assault cases. The American Prosecutors Research Institute (APRI) and Boston College examined five primary research questions: (1) was the arrest rate higher in cases where a SANE/SART exam was performed as compared with cases in which no exam was performed; (2) was the indictment/charging rate higher in such cases; (3) were guilty pleas more likely to be entered in such cases; (4) was the conviction rate higher in such cases; and (5) was the sentence more severe in such cases. Exhibits, references, appendixes A-B, datasets (case processing summary and case summaries), and codebook
Main Term(s): Sexual assault
Index Term(s): Program evaluation ; Sex offenses ; Sexual assault victims ; Services effectiveness ; Case processing ; Criminal justice program evaluation ; Victim reactions to crime ; NIJ grant-related documents
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2003-WG-BX-1003
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

American Prosecutors Research Institute
99 Canal Center. Plaza
Suite 510
Alexandria, VA 22314
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: This report contains two documents, the second contains only the case processing and case summaries and the codebook.
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