skip navigation

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 216950   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Recidivism Among Female Prisoners: Secondary Analysis of the 1994 BJS Recidivism Data Set
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Elizabeth P. Deschenes ; Barbara Owen ; Jason Crow
  Date Published: 10/2006
  Page Count: 74
  Annotation: This study conducted a secondary analysis of data collected by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (Langan and Levin, 2002), in order to examine the recidivism (reoffending) of female inmates released from prisons in 15 States in 1994.
  Abstract: Over a period of 3 years after release, approximately 60 percent of the females in the total sample (included males released from prisons in the 15 States in 1994) were rearrested, compared with approximately 70 percent of the total sample; 40 percent of the females had a new conviction compared to 48 percent of the total sample. Approximately 30 percent of the females returned to prison (18 percent were the result of a new sentence), compared to 37 percent of the total sample (25 percent were the result of a new sentence). The majority of female offenders who had originally been imprisoned for violent offenses did not commit another violent offense within 3 years after their release in 1994. For both the total sample and the female subsample, those originally imprisoned for property or drug offenses were significantly more likely to have a new arrest than those originally imprisoned for other offense categories. Female offenders, similar to offenders in the total sample, were more likely to be rearrested for a property crime. Female offenders typically did not specialize in certain types of offenses over their criminal careers; however, there was some repeating of property, drug, and public-order offenses. The strongest and most consistent predictors of recidivism for female offenders were the number of prior arrests and being a younger age when released from prison. The majority of the women (63 percent) had no prior prison term and had served less time in prison than the total sample. The subsample of female inmates composed 8.7 percent (n=23,562) of the total sample of prisoners released in the 15 States in 1994 (272,111 male and female inmates). 22 tables and 50 references
  Main Term(s): Corrections effectiveness
  Index Term(s): Female offenders ; Recidivism ; Female inmates ; Recidivism statistics ; Male female offender comparisons ; NIJ final report
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2004-IJ-CX-0038
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.