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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 219743   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Disproportionate Minority Contact in the Juvenile Justice System: A Study of Differential Minority Arrest/Referral to Court in Three Cities
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): David Huizinga ; Terence P. Thornberry ; Kelly E. Knight ; Peter Lovegrove ; Rolf Loeber ; Karl Hill ; David P. Farrington
  Date Published: 07/2007
  Page Count: 52
  Annotation: Using information from three community studies of delinquency (Pittsburg, Rochester, and Seattle), this federally supported report examines disproportionate minority contact (DMC) and factors that might affect DMC at the police contact/court referral level.
  Abstract: Based on the findings, three main conclusions were warranted. First, there was clear evidence of disproportionate minority contact (DMC). At all three sites it was found that a greater proportion of minorities were police contacted/court referred. Second, DMC could not be explained by differences in the offending behavior of different racial groups. This finding was held true for a measure of total offending and for violent and property offenses as well. Third, DMC was substantially reduced by considering the combined effect of a number of additional risk factors for arrest. It appears that multiple risk factors do a better job of explaining DMC than does delinquent behavior. The weight of the evidence suggests that the effect of race/ethnicity on the chance of being contacted/referred are reduced but remains significant when both offending and risk are controlled. The findings suggest some further directions for research to more fully understand DMC at the initial contact/arrest/referral stage. For the past 50 years, researchers have been studying the degree to which race affects juvenile justice decisionmaking. More than one explanation has been given for DMC. Some argue that DMC is the result of racial bias within the juvenile justice system. Others argue that DMC is the result of minority youth committing more crimes, more serious crimes, or types of offenses that are more likely to come to the attention of the police. Still others argue that DMC is, in part, produced by risk factors for delinquency. Tables, references
  Main Term(s): Minority juvenile offenders
  Index Term(s): Minorities ; Juvenile court intake ; Arrest and apprehension ; Juvenile justice system ; Ethnic groups ; Racial discrimination ; Juvenile delinquency research ; Juvenile arrest trends ; Minority overrepresentation
  Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
United States of America
  Grant Number: 1996-MU-FX-0012;2005-JK-FX-0001;1996-MU-FX-0017;2005-JK-FX-0023;1996-MU-FX-0014;2001-MU-FX-0062
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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