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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 223620   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Processes of Resistance in Domestic Violence Offenders
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
  Author(s): Deborah A. Levesque Ph.D.
  Corporate Author: Pro-Change Behavior Systems, Inc.
United States of America
  Date Published: 10/2006
  Page Count: 99
  Annotation: In an effort to improve the Transtheoretical Model of Change’s (TTM’s) (stage of change) power to explain and facilitate change, three studies were conducted to examine “processes of resistance” in domestic violence offenders, as a separate and potentially multidimensional construct that could influence stage progression and regression.
  Abstract: Domestic violence programs tend to be highly structured, psychoeducational, and “one-size-fits-all,” neglecting individual differences in readiness to change. This project and future research on resistance can benefit the field in becoming more attuned to different forms of resistance and their potential impact on partner violence and offenders’ engagement in treatment. The Transtheoretical Model of Change (TTM), in contrast, understands change as progress, over time, through a series of stages: Precontemplation, Contemplation, Preparation, Action, and Maintenance, and posits that individuals are more likely to reduce resistance, facilitate treatment engagement, and produce behavior change when interventions are individualized and matched to individual stage of change, rather than one-size-fits-all. In an effort to improve the TTM’s power to explain and facilitate change, an examination, supported by the U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice was initiated to examine “processes of resistance” as a separate construct that can influence stage progression and regression. Three studies were conducted to examine resistance in domestic violence offenders. In Study One, an 88-item draft measure of resistance was developed and administered to 346 adult males in batterer treatment. In Study Two, the measure was administered to a separate sample of adult males at batterer program intake (n=358) and again 2-months later (n=256) in order to confirm the measure’s factor structure and its external validity. Only three types of resistance, System Blaming, Problems with Partner, and Hopelessness, decreased from program intake to followup. This suggests that domestic violence programs may be most attentive to those types of resistance. In Study Three, interviews with experts on domestic violence treatment were conducted in an initial attempt to identify strategies for dealing with resistance in batterer treatment. References, tables and appendixes A-D
  Main Term(s): Behavior modification
  Index Term(s): Testing and measurement ; Treatment/Therapeutic Community ; Models ; Treatment ; Domestic assault ; Treatment techniques ; Treatment intervention model ; Domestic assault prevention ; Treatment effectiveness ; NIJ final report ; NIJ grant-related documents
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2003-IJ-CX-1030
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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