skip navigation

CrimeSolutions.gov

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 
  NCJ Number: NCJ 223980   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Gene Polymorphism and Human Pigmentation
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Murray H. Brilliant Ph.D.
  Date Published: 09/2008
  Page Count: 60
  Annotation: The goal of the study was to determine with a high degree of accuracy the pigmentation phenotype (hair, eye, and skin color) of an individual from a forensic DNA sample.
  Abstract: Using multiple linear regression (MLR) modeling, six Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) in five genes were found to account for large proportions of pigmentation variation in hair, skin, and eyes in the across-population analyses; single polymorphisms in SLC45A2, SLC24A5, and OCA2 accounted for 77.3 percent of the variance in total amount of scalp-hair melanin; single polymorphisms in SLC45A2, SLC24A5, and MC1R accounted for 38.3 percent of the variance in the natural logarithm of the ratio of black-to-red melanin in scalp hair; single polymorphisms in SLC45A2, SLC24A5, and ASIP accounted for 45.7 percent of the variance in skin pigmentation; and single polymorphisms in SLC45A2, SLC24A5, and OCA2 accounted for 52.2 percent of the variance in eye color. Interaction between ASIP and SLC45A2 were inferred from the models and increased the explanation of skin pigmentation variation to 49.6 percent. Thus, these models offer useful predictive tools by using only three SNPs to determine an individual’s pigmentation type, independent of ethnic origin. The analyses proceeded in three phases. Phase one was the determination of the spectrum of polymorphism in these genes in a limited number of individuals of diverse ethnic origins and various pigmentation types. Phase two was the correlation of these SNPs with pigmentation types in a representative sample of individuals. Phase three was the testing of the models determined in Phase two and the adaptation of the analysis to forensic DNA samples. Phases one and two have been completed, and Phase three is nearly complete. 9 figures and 93 references
  Main Term(s): Criminology
  Index Term(s): Hair and fiber analysis ; Forensics/Forensic Sciences ; Investigative techniques ; DNA fingerprinting ; NIJ final report
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2002-IJ-CX-K010
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=245921

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.