skip navigation

Justinfo Subscribe to Stay Informed

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


NCJRS Abstract


Subscribe to Stay Informed
Want to be in the know? JUSTINFO is a biweekly e-newsletter containing information about new publications, events, training, funding opportunities, and Web-based resources available from the NCJRS Federal sponsors. Sign up to get JUSTINFO in your inbox.

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 225338   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Gendered Violence and Safety: A Contextual Approach to Improving Security in Women's Facilities
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Barbara Owen Ph.D. ; James Wells Ph.D. ; Joycelyn Pollock Ph.D., J.D. ; Bernadette Muscat Ph.D. ; Stephanie Torres M.S.
Date Published: 11/2008
Page Count: 440
  Annotation: This is the full report of a project that investigated the context of gendered violence and safety in women’s correctional facilities, using focus groups with female inmates and staff, as well as surveys.
Abstract: The data support the hypothesis that sexual violence is embedded in a broader context of violence and safety and that this context is gender-based. Violence in women’s correctional facilities was found to stem from features of overlapping individual, relational, institutional, and societal factors. The study found, however, that violence in women’s jails and prisons is not a dominant characteristic of daily life, but rather is a potential experience of inmates that is determined and shaped by time, place, prison culture, interpersonal relationships, and staff actions. Ongoing tensions and conflict, lack of economic opportunity, and few therapeutic options for addressing past victimization and conflicts in relationships increases the risk for violence in a given facility. The report argues that prevention and intervention are primary strategies in complying with the goals of the Federal Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA). These strategies should include inmate programs and education, staff training, and other operational practices. Recommendations focus on three domains of prison life. One domain is the interaction among individual, relational, community, and societal factors. A second domain pertains to the prevention of escalating conflict, particularly regarding sexual violence in relationships. The third domain pertains to the psychological physical, social, and moral forms of safety. This full report is in three parts. Part I summarize the study findings and provide recommendations for improving safety in jails and prisons for women offenders. Part II presents a detailed analysis of the focus group data. Part III describes the development of quantitative measures of violence and safety in women’s correctional facilities. Extensive tables, references for each of the major parts, and separate appended supplementary information and data for each part
Main Term(s): Corrections research
Index Term(s): Correctional Personnel Training ; Violent inmates ; Inmate staff relations ; Inmate personal security ; Female inmates ; Womens correctional institutions ; Prisoner sexual assault ; Prison management ; Prison conditions ; Violent females ; NIJ final report
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2006-RP-BX-0016
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Reference NCJ 225339-225341 for individual report sections and NCJ 225342 and 225343 for related bulletins.
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

* A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's web site is provided.