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NCJ Number: NCJ 225343     Find in a Library
Title: Translating Research Into Practice: Improving Safety in Women's Facilities
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Marianne McNabb
Date Published: 11/2008
Page Count: 7
  Annotation: In response to the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA), this report identifies and discusses the factors that contribute to interpersonal violence in women’s correctional facilities.
Abstract: Strategies for preventing interpersonal violence in women’s facilities should address individual factors, relationship factors, institutional factors, and societal factors. Regarding individual factors, a history of victimization, violence, and trauma can lead to two different kinds of behaviors that contribute to violence in prison: overly aggressive behaviors or passive behaviors that invite victimization. Other individual factors that increase the risk for violent victimization are mental illness, mental handicaps, age (both youth and old age), offense type, and lack of proficiency in the English language. Relationship factors are also significant in the risk for violence in women‘s facilities. Conflict in relationships may foster coercive or abusive behaviors, and relationships that involve the creation of alliances can promote competitive and intimidating behaviors that can lead to violence. Institutional factors that contribute to violence in female facilities include the level of violence tolerated by the inmate population and the staff; the presence or absence of all forms of sexual harassment of inmates by staff; a rehabilitative or custodial approach to facility management; staff attitudes toward women offenders; and verbal and nonverbal interactions that are degrading, humiliating, and/or decrease self-esteem. Societal factors can also adversely influence prison climates through norms, beliefs, and social and economic systems that reinforce individual, relational, and institutional risk factors such as prejudice and discrimination regarding race, religion, sexual orientation, and gender, as well as economic inequalities. For each of the aforementioned categories of factors related to prison violence, this report offers recommendations for prevention/intervention strategies. Researchers conducted 40 focus groups with inmates and staff in jails and prisons around the country. File and record reviews were also conducted.
Main Term(s): Correctional facilities
Index Term(s): Violent inmates ; Female inmates ; Victimization in prisons ; Violent women ; Prison management ; Prison conditions ; Violence causes ; Violence prevention ; NIJ final report
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2006-RP-BX-0016
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Reference NCJ 225338 for complete report, NCJ 225339-225341 for individual report sections, and NCJ 225342 for related bulletin.
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