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NCJ Number: NCJ 226237   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Refining the Construct of School Safety: An Exploration of Correlates and Construct Validity of School Safety Measures
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Travis C. Laxton ; Jeffrey R. Sprague
Date Published: 12/2005
Page Count: 89
  Annotation: This study evaluated the internal consistency of and relationships among four measures of school climate and safety: the Oregon School Safety Survey (OSSS), the Effective Behavior Support Survey 1.5 (EBS), the School-Wide Evaluation Tool (SET), and the Oregon School Climate and Safety Survey (OSCSS).
Abstract: The testing found that the majority of scales showed acceptable reliability, but some were unacceptably low. The OSSS demonstrated a clear two-factor orthogonal solution; the EBS produced a clear four-factor oblique solution; and the SET demonstrated a four-factor oblique solution that was not clearly interpretable. Several of the factors of the EBS demonstrated significant correlations with SET and OSSS factors. The SET and OSSS did not correlate significantly across any factors. Using the OSCSS scales, three measures of school safety/disorder were predicted using standard multiple regression procedures. Significant multiple regression equations were found for each of the three measures of school safety/disorder, including Student Victimization, Student Rebellious Behavior, and Drug Availability. A practical implication of these findings is that schools may reduce both student victimization and drug availability by making the school rules regarding acceptable student behavior more clear. Alpha coefficients were calculated for each of the scales of the four instruments; suggestions for future related research are offered. 30 tables, 84 references, and appended universal screening results
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention
Index Term(s): Data collection devices ; Data collection ; School security ; School influences on crime ; Instrument validation
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America

Hamilton Fish National Institute on School and Community Violence
United States of America
Grant Number: 2005-JL-FX-0157
Sale Source: Hamilton Fish National Institute on School and Community Violence
George Washington University
2121 K Street NW, Suite 200
Washington, DC United States of America
Type: Test/Measurement
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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