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NCJ Number: NCJ 227498   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Repair of Damaged DNA for Forensic Analysis
Author(s): John Nelson Ph.D.
Date Published: 10/2008
Page Count: 95
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2006-DN-BX-K018
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report describes the development of a DNA repair method that can be used on damaged DNA samples, so as to allow forensic investigators to examine evidence samples to their fullest potential, leading to more samples yielding accurate, usable results.
Abstract: The repair method uses a mixture of DNA repair enzymes to repair or replace damaged strand segments in damaged DNA. The researchers developed an optimized mix of the enzymes - DNA ligase, various glycosylases and AP endonucleases, and DNA polymerase - that can be added to DNA that contains any of a variety of damaged bases. After a simple incubation - during which the damage to the DNA is identified, removed, and sealed - the resulting sample is moved to a variety of DNA analysis procedures, including PCR analysis of STR loci. As a highly complex molecule, DNA can be damaged in a number of ways, resulting in breaks in the strands, removal, or chemical alteration of the nucleotide bases. The severity of damage to DNA can vary, but once there are one or more lesions in the DNA strands within the segment to be amplified by PCR, the amplification and analysis will fail; however, DNA is double-stranded and thus redundantly structured; nature has devised a collection of mechanisms for repairing many kinds of damage, often using the information in one DNA strand to reconstruct the other. In facilitating such repair, the proposed method of repair is designed to function after DNA isolation and quantification, but prior to DNA amplification and STR analysis. 37 figures, 9 tables, and a listing of 4 forums/media in which research results have been disseminated
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Evidence identification and analysis ; Forensics/Forensic Sciences ; Investigative techniques ; DNA fingerprinting ; NIJ final report
   
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https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=249502

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