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NCJ Number: NCJ 230569     Find in a Library
Title: History of Street Gangs in the United States
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): James C. Howell ; John P. Moore
Corporate Author: National Gang Ctr (NGC)
United States of America
Date Published: 05/2010
Page Count: 25
  Annotation: This bulletin examines the emergence and growth of gang activity in the Northeast, Midwest, West, and South regions of the United States.
Abstract: This report looks at the history of street gangs in the United States. The report presents information on gang activity based on the four major census areas in the United States: the Northeast, the Midwest, the West, and the South. The history of the emergence and growth of gangs is presented separately for each region. The review found that there were important differences in the history of gang emergence in these four areas. In the Northeast and Midwest, the earliest gangs arose along with the growth of immigrants from Europe, primarily White ethnic groups. In the West, gang members were of Mexican descent. In the Northeast and Midwest regions, street gangs began among adult-dominated groups engaged in criminal activities, whereas in the West, street gangs emerged from aggressive groups of young Mexican men. The review also found that each of the regions also saw a distinct second wave of Black gang development that resulted from a shift of the Black population from the South to the North and the West. In addition, gang culture in the West has continued to be reinforced by wave after wave of immigrants from Central America and Mexico. Figures and references
Main Term(s): Gangs
Index Term(s): Organized crime ; Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) ; Maturation theory ; Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) ; Gang involvement in organized crime ; Gang violence ; Hispanic gangs ; BJA grant-related documents ; OJJDP grant-related documents
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America

Bureau of Justice Assistance
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2007-MU-BX-K003; 2007-JV-FX-0008
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

National Gang Ctr (NGC)
PO Box 12729
Tallahassee, FL 32317-2729
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: National Gang Center Bulletin No. 4, May 2010
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

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