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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 231609   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Intersection of Genes, the Environment, and Crime and Delinquency: A Longitudinal Study of Offending
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Kevin M. Beaver
  Date Published: 08/2010
  Page Count: 430
  Annotation: Stemming from the research literature that has shown human development to involve both biological/genetic factors and social influences, this dissertation uses a genetically sensitive subsample of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) in examining whether genetic influences combine with factors in the social environment to shape antisocial behaviors.
  Abstract: The research findings support the hypothesis that the genetic polymorphisms will have some significant direct effects on the seven measures of antisocial behavior. Three of the outcome measures involved delinquency scales, two measured contact with the criminal justice system, and two indexed drug and alcohol abuse. Together, these dependent variables index some of the most common and most serious antisocial behaviors. All of the genetic polymorphisms selected for the study (DAT1, DRD2, DED4, 5HTT, and MAOA) exerted statistically significant direct effects on the various measures of antisocial behavior. The five genetic polymorphisms were used to test for gene X environmental correlations (peer interactions and family interactions) in the etiology of crime and delinquency. The most consistent effects were found when examining gene X environment correlations and gene X environment interactions. The findings thus show that both the environment and genes make substantial contributions to the study of offending behaviors. In order to stay informed on the mushrooming body of research that shows strong genetic influences on all types of behaviors and personality traits, criminology must make room for biosocial explanations of crime and criminality. Biosocial criminology has relevance for explaining the age-crime curve, racial and gender gaps in delinquent/criminal involvement, and the persistence of criminal behavior over long periods. Suggestions for future research are offered. Extensive tables and figures and approximately 400 references
  Main Term(s): Criminology
  Index Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors ; Social conditions ; Biological influences ; Longitudinal studies ; Peer influences on behavior ; Juvenile delinquent family relations ; Parent-Child Relations ; Crime causes theory ; NIJ final report
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2006-IJ-CX-0001
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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