skip navigation

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 232222   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Contingencies in the Long-Term Impact of Work on Crime Among Youth
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Shun-Yung Kevin Wang
  Date Published: 10/2010
  Page Count: 225
  Annotation: This study tests the hypothesis that “ladder jobs” (jobs with significant upward-moving occupational positions on a status ladder), along with job income, job stability, and parental control, are more effective in deterring juvenile delinquency and crime than employment per se.
  Abstract: The study findings show that “ladder jobs” had a significant crime-decreasing effect compared to other types of employment, which were linked to a crime-increasing effect. Job income partially mediated the crime-increasing effect of regular employment on delinquency, and job stability partially mediated the crime-decreasing effect of “ladder jobs;” however, parental control, which was measured as direct supervision, did not have a mediating role between employment and delinquency. The findings indicate that a job that pays little now but improves the chances of a long-term career is apparently more effective in preventing delinquency than a dead-end job that pays comparatively well in the short-term. This suggests that discussions of employment and internships for youth should consider the importance of long-term features of occupations, not just the immediate monetary gains of the employment. Data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 97 and structural equation modeling were used to test hypotheses. 16 tables, 7 figures, 119 references, and appended list of occupations in the census 2002 industry and occupation codes, cover letter and instructions of occupational classification, and other supplementary information
  Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention
  Index Term(s): Youth employment ; Juvenile delinquency factors ; Career development ; Employment-crime relationships ; NIJ final report
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2009-IJ-CX-0002
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.