skip navigation

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 233281     Find in a Library
  Title: Police Use of Force: The Impact of Less-Lethal Weapons and Tactics
  Document URL: HTML PDF 
  Author(s): Philip Bulman
  Journal: NIJ Journal  Issue:267  Dated:Winter 2010  Pages:4 to 10
  Date Published: 2010
  Page Count: 7
  Series: NIJ Journal
  Annotation: This article presents findings from a National Institute of Justice (NIJ) funded study on injuries to officers and civilians during use-of-force events and the impact of less-lethal weapons and tactics in the reduction of injuries to both officers and civilians.
  Abstract: Today, advances in less-lethal technology offer the promise of more effective control over resistive suspects with fewer injuries. Pepper spray was among the first of these newer, less-lethal weapons to be widely adopted by police forces, and more recently, conducted energy devices (CEDs), such as the Taser. Research, funded by the U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice (NIJ), was conducted by Geoffrey Alpert on the use of force and less-lethal weapons. Data was gathered from three law enforcement agencies, Richland County, SC, Sheriff’s Department, Miami-Dade, FL, and the Seattle, WA, Police Department. In addition a longitudinal analysis was conducted, among 12 local law enforcement agencies, including the above, as well as interviews with officers and suspects involved in use-of-force incidents. To see if the introduction of CEDs was associated with changes in injury rates in police departments. The deployment of pepper spray and CEDs are clearly at an advantage with both weapons preventing or minimizing the physical struggles that are likely to occur between officers and suspects. Further research is recommended to determine whether officers can become too reliant on CEDs and to study in-custody deaths involving CED use. 6 notes
  Main Term(s): Less Lethal/ Nonlethal Weapons
  Index Term(s): Police safety ; Police weapons ; Lawful use of force ; Chemical irritants ; Police weapons use ; Criminal justice research ; Stun guns ; Tasers ; Oleoresin Capsicum (OC)/Pepper Spray
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2005-IJ-CX-0056
  Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.