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  NCJ Number: NCJ 234961     Find in a Library
  Title: Property Abatements—The Other Gang Injunction: Project T.O.U.G.H.
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Johathan Cristall ; Liora Forman-Echols
  Corporate Author: National Gang Ctr (NGC)
United States of America
  Date Published: 09/2009
  Page Count: 18
  Annotation: This National Gang Center Bulletin describes the use of Project T.O.U.G.H. (Taking Out Urban Gang Headquarters) by the Los Angeles City Attorney’s Office.
  Abstract: Project T.O.U.G.H. (Taking Out Urban Gang Headquarters) is a specialized unit of the criminal branch of the Los Angeles City Attorney’s Office that works to reduce gang crime in the City of Los Angeles. This document describes how Project T.O.U.G.H. is used by law enforcement officials to reduce the influence of gangs and gang crime in the city. Project T.O.U.G.H. is an innovative property abatement program started in 2007 by city prosecutors. The intent of the program is to use civil lawsuits to abate gang activity at private properties. Several benefits are cited for the use of civil lawsuits: 1) civil lawsuits allow for injunctive relief to be obtained to abate the nuisance; 2) the defendants in a civil suit do not have a right to a jury trial or a court-appointed attorney; and 3) the burden of proof in a civil lawsuit is lower than that in criminal proceedings. This document describes in detail how the program works through the use of gang property abatements, presents the three legal theories which form the basis of the lawsuit – narcotics abatement, general public nuisance, and unfair competition law; and examines how cases are handled once a property has been identified for abatement. Several case studies are included as examples of Project T.O.U.G.H. 34 footnotes
  Main Term(s): Gangs
  Index Term(s): Community action programs ; Police community relations ; Property crimes ; Community crime prevention programs ; Property values ; Gang Prevention ; Gang violence ; Nuisance abatement programs
  Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Assistance
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2007-MU-BX-K003
  Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Bureau of Justice Assistance Clearinghouse
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: National Gang Center Bulletin, No. 2, September 2009
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