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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 237959   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Movin' Out: Crime Displacement and HUD's HOPE VI Initiative
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Meagan Cahill ; Samantha Lowry ; P. Mitchell Downey
  Corporate Author: The Urban Institute
United States of America
  Date Published: 08/2011
  Page Count: 96
  Annotation: This report presents the methodology and findings of an evaluation of the impact on crime of the closing, renovation, and subsequent re-opening of selected public housing developments under the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development’s (HUD’s) HOPE VI initiative.
  Abstract: The evaluation found a clear indication in all three of the study sites that crime declined at some point during re-development and that re-development affected crime in surrounding areas in some way, usually by decreasing it. The effects in the buffers (the areas searched for displacement or diffusion of benefits) varied, but for the most part a diffusion of benefits occurred from the target sites outward. No site was found to have a return to pre-intervention crime levels following the intervention period, either in the target site or in buffer areas. Declines in crime thus lasted at least as long as the study period, which was generally 1 to 2 years after the intervention period. The study also compared different methods for studying crime displacement. The point pattern analysis had limited use in the current context, but it would have been more useful if a specific crime type was studied rather than broad classes of crime (property or personal crime). The Weighted Displacement Quotient (WDQ) method of analysis was best suited for the study because it is intuitive, easy to calculate, and does not require a long series of data. It is appropriate for use in examining the possible effects of an intervention to determine whether more sophisticated analyses are required. The study concludes that housing authorities that undertake such large-scale public housing redevelopment efforts as are common under HOPE VI will likely achieve a diffusion of benefits to buffer areas. Extensive tables and figures and a 54-item bibliography
  Main Term(s): Effectiveness of crime prevention programs
  Index Term(s): US Department of Housing and Urban Development ; Urban area studies ; Federal programs ; Environmental influences ; Public housing ; Urban criminality ; NIJ final report
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2007-IJ-CX-0020
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Program/Project Evaluation
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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