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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 239243     Find in a Library
  Title: Pretrial Release and Misconduct in Federal District Courts, 2008-2010
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Agency Summary: Agency Summary 
  Author(s): Thomas H. Cohen, Ph.D.
  Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Date Published: 11/2012
  Page Count: 20
  Series: BJS Special Reports
  Annotation: This report presents findings on pretrial release and misconduct among defendants in Federal district courts for the combined fiscal years 2008, 2009, and 2010.
  Abstract: Data include the pretrial release rate, the type of pretrial release or detention, and the conditions of pretrial release. Also reported are the most serious offense charges, criminal history, and demographic characteristics of released defendants. Also presented are rates of pretrial misconduct, including technical violations, missed court appearances, and rearrests for new offenses. The rearrest data address the most serious offense charges, types of release, demographic characteristics, and the criminal history of defendants. From 2008 to 2010, Federal district courts released approximately 36 percent of defendants prior to case disposition. Nearly 75 percent of Federal defendants released pretrial did not pay a financial bond to secure their release. Approximately 8 out of 10 Federal defendants released prior to their case disposition had conditions attached to their release. Of defendants release pretrial, 79 percent were release with conditions, including travel restrictions, substance abuse treatment requirements, weapons restrictions, or promises to remain employed or seek employment. Fifty-one percent of defendants with no prior arrest history were released pretrial, compared to 34 percent of defendants with two to four prior arrests and 21 percent of defendants with more than 10 prior arrests. Nineteen percent of defendants released pretrial committed some form of pretrial misconduct. Technical violations were committed by 17 percent of defendants released prior to case disposition; 1 percent of released defendants failed to make court appearances, and 4 percent were rearrested for new offenses. 14 tables and 5 figures
  Main Term(s): Jail statistics
  Index Term(s): Court statistics ; Federal courts ; Pretrial release ; Recidivism statistics ; Pretrial detention
  Sale Source: Justice Statistics Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Statistics ; Report (Annual/Periodic)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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