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NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

We encourage your Feedback. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Virtual Library and Abstracts Database, how you access the collection, and any ways we can improve our services.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 242773     Find in a Library
Title: Automating the Differential Digestion Method in the Analysis of Sexual Assault Cases Using Selective Degradation
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Helena G. Wong ; Jennifer S. Mihalovich ; George Sensabaugh
Date Published: 2013
Page Count: 48
  Annotation: This project developed and tested an automated differential digestion process that uses selective degradation with DNase 1 in order to remove non-sperm DNA from a mixed sample of evidence in a sexual assault case, thus saving time and labor.
Abstract: The protocol uses 96-well plates and incorporates microscope slide preparations, resulting in high efficiency and high throughput. Although initial evaluations of the DNase process produced lower DNA yield and inferior STR DNA typing quality compared to the conventional differential digestion. This was corrected by optimizing the concentrations of the divalent ions magnesium and calcium, along with the quantity of DNase used. This modification increased both the DNA yield and the quality of the STR DNA typing results. The protocol was tested on samples stored for extended time periods (up to 60 years) and on samples exposed to multiple freeze/thaw cycles or heat and humidity. All samples subjected to the new protocol produced results similar to samples processed by the conventional differential digestion method. The result was the production of sperm fractions with no or minimal epithelial cell carry-over. 7 tables, 29 figures, and 22 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Blood/body fluid analysis ; Rape investigations ; Forensics/Forensic Sciences ; Investigative techniques ; Sex offense investigations ; DNA fingerprinting ; NIJ final report
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2010-DN-BX-K182
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research) ; Report (Grant Sponsored)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

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