skip navigation

CrimeSolutions.gov

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 
  NCJ Number: NCJ 244564   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Presumptive Field Testing Using Portable Raman Spectroscopy
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Stephana Fedchak
  Date Published: 2014
  Page Count: 100
  Annotation: Recognizing the inconsistency and subjectivity involved in its current use of color test kits to presumptively identify cocaine, methamphetamine, and marijuana in the field, the Forensic Laboratory of the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department (LVMPD) researched and improved existing Raman field technology for use in the presumptive analysis of controlled substances in the field.
  Abstract: By testing handheld devices in the lab and in the field using a Raman microscope, the LVMPD Forensic Laboratory determined that portable Raman technology is an effective and reliable tool for presumptively identifying methamphetamine and cocaine in the field. The laboratory has also identified the characteristics of portable Raman technology that need further improvement in order to expand the number of drugs that can be presumptively identified in the field. This new method of presumptive field testing will benefit law enforcement, forensic laboratories, and the court system by increasing safety, decreasing costs and time, reducing the incidence of false positive results, and expediting case processing. Part of the research focused on evaluating the performance of the ReporteR device, which is manufactured by SciAps, Inc. After improvements were made in the ReporteR device, testing proved its capability for analyzing methamphetamine and cocaine. The lab also investigated the advantages of algorithm-based fluorescent baseline correction technology by integrating a Raman microscope into the research design. The microscope was used to compare results generated by the ReporteR. Methamphetamine field-testing accuracy increased 19.4 percent, and cocaine field testing accuracy increased 26.6 percent. The reliability of the ReporteR was investigated by random re-testing of samples; results were consistent in approximately 87 percent of the samples. Limitations in the use of this technology with other drugs are discussed, and suggestions for research in this area are offered. 21 figures and 46 references
  Main Term(s): Criminology
  Index Term(s): Spectroscopy ; Cocaine ; Drug law enforcement ; Police equipment ; Field drug analysis ; NIJ final report ; Methamphetamine
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2010-DN-BX-K201
  Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research) ; Research (Applied/Empirical) ; Report (Grant Sponsored)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=266645

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.