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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 244568   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Replication of Known Dental Characteristics in Porcine Skin: Emerging Technologies for the Imaging Specialist
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): L. Thomas Johnson ; Thomas W. Radmer ; Dean Jeutter ; Gary L. Stafford ; Joseph Thulin ; Thomas Wirtz ; George Corliss ; Kwang Woo Ahn ; Alexis Visotky ; Ronald L. Groffy
  Date Published: 2013
  Page Count: 103
  Annotation: This research examined whether it is possible to replicate patterns of human teeth (bite marks) in pig skin and, if so, whether the bite patterns could be scientifically analyzed and matched with a degree of probability to members of an established population dataset.
  Abstract: This study demonstrates that it is sometimes possible to replicate patterns of human teeth in pig skin and determine scientifically that a given injury pattern (bite mark) correlates with the dentitions of a very small proportion of a population dataset, e.g., 5 percent or even 1 percent. The authors recommend building on the template of this research with a sufficiently large database of samples that reflects the diverse world population. They also envision the development of a sophisticated imaging software application that enables forensic examiners to insert parameters for measurement, as well as additional methods of applying force to produce bite marks for research. The authors further advise that this project is applied science for injury pattern analysis and is only foundational research that should not be cited in testimony and judicial procedures. It supplements but does not contradict current guidelines of the American Board of Forensic Odontology regarding bite mark analysis and comparisons. A much larger population database must be developed. The project’s methodology is described in detail, accompanied by 11 tables and 41 figures. 47 references
  Main Term(s): Criminology
  Index Term(s): Dental analysis ; Victim identification ; Suspect identification ; Investigative techniques ; NIJ final report ; Bitemarks
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2010-DN-BX-K176
  Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research) ; Research (Applied/Empirical) ; Report (Grant Sponsored)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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