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NCJ Number: NCJ 245661     Find in a Library
Title: Improving Witness Safety and Preventing Witness Intimidation in the Justice System: Benchmarks for Progress
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Franklin Cruz ; Teresa M. Garvey
Corporate Author: Justice Management Institute
United States of America

United States of America
Date Published: 2014
Page Count: 65
  Annotation: Tools and detailed guidance are provided for criminal justice practitioners to use in implementing best practices for providing victim and witness safety from intimidation.
Abstract: Part 1 presents a brief overview of witness intimidation, its various forms, and common characteristics of both victims and perpetrators of such intimidation. Topics addressed include the prevalence of such intimidation and its features, which include physical violence, explicit threats, implicit threats and menacing conduct, emotional manipulation, and intimidation promoted by unethical defense counsel. Victims and witnesses particularly vulnerable to intimidation are victims of domestic violence, witnesses to organized crime or gang-related violence, immigrants, human trafficking victims, child and juvenile victims and witnesses, and victim/witnesses in institutional settings. Part 2 identifies solutions that integrate victim and witness safety into criminal justice systems. A “Conceptual Model” is presented for measuring the prevalence of actual intimidation in any jurisdiction. In addition, it portrays common opportunities for intimidation as well as gaps in victim and witness safety. Ten best practice principles are identified for a jurisdiction to use in assessing and comparing its existing system with best practices. These best practices are drawn from the experiences of the three pilot sites of an initiative to improve the justice system’s response to witness intimidation (IWI). Part 3 details six action steps for implementing change, describes a research-informed methodology, and provides tools for beginning the change process. This process includes monitoring, evaluating, and improving victim and witness safety efforts. Appended tools, tables, and additional resources
Main Term(s): Court security training
Index Term(s): Witness protection ; Court security ; Crime specific countermeasures ; Victim-witness intimidation ; BJA grant-related documents ; Performance Measures
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Assistance
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2010-MU-BX-K079
Sale Source: AEquitas
1100 H. Street, Suite 310
Washington, DC 20005
United States of America
Type: Instructional Material ; Technical Assistance
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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