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NCJ Number: NCJ 246125   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Effect of Prison-Based Alcohol Treatment: A Multi-Site Process and Outcome Evaluation
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): J. Mitchell Miller, Ph.D. ; Holly Ventura Miller, Ph.D. ; Rob Tillyer, Ph.D.
Date Published: 03/2013
Page Count: 170
  Annotation: This mixed-methods study involved process and outcome evaluations of three State-sponsored alcohol-specific treatment programs delivered in Montana, Ohio, and Texas prisons.
Abstract: Although findings from Ohio should be interpreted cautiously because of low sample size, the sample sizes for Montana and Texas are more robust and suggest that in-prison alcohol treatment can positively impact future offender behavior consistent with treatment goals based on recidivism (defined as return to a correctional facility) outcomes up to 1 year after release. Regarding implementation and management, the Montana program was near ideal, as indicated by high scores from all research team members for all program fidelity indicators: adherence, exposure, quality of services delivered, participant management, and program differentiation. Although featuring evidence-based treatment protocols in service delivery, the Ohio program was burdened by an ineffective referral process, questionable program placement that contradicted the risk principle, and under-enrollment. The Ohio program described itself as a therapeutic community; however, its participants were housed with the general population of a medium-security prison. The Evidence-based practices common across the treatment programs included the use of assessment instrumentation in identifying and linking offender needs with appropriate treatment services, sufficient treatment duration, the development and execution of individualized treatment plans, the delivery of cognitive-behavioral intervention therapy, and drug-use monitoring. Although the issue of voluntary treatment participation remains controversial, short-term treatment facility placement for coercing exposure to programming followed by voluntary continuation proved effective in Montana and Ohio. Treatment participants should be isolated from the general prison population in order to maximize the impact of treatment. Research that extends the period for examining recidivism outcome is recommended. 30 tables and approximately 80 references
Main Term(s): Corrections effectiveness
Index Term(s): Program evaluation ; Treatment/Therapeutic Community ; Program implementation ; Alcoholism treatment programs ; Research uses in policymaking ; Inmate drug treatment ; Treatment techniques ; Treatment effectiveness ; NIJ grant-related documents ; Montana ; Ohio ; Texas ; Evidence-Based Practices ; Evidence-Based Programs
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2010-RT-BX-0103
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Description ; Program/Project Evaluation ; Report (Study/Research) ; Research (Applied/Empirical)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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