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NCJ Number: NCJ 226458   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Maintaining Prison Order: Understanding Causes of Inmate Misconduct within and Across Ohio Correctional Institutions
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
Author(s): Benjamin Steiner Ph.D.
Date Published: 07/2008
Page Count: 188
  Annotation: Based on an analysis of all adult correctional facilities in Ohio, this study developed a theoretical model of prison disorder that incorporates measures of inmate characteristics, facility environments, and management practices.
Abstract: This study of order/disorder in Ohio adult correctional facilities found that variables reflective of inmate characteristics, facility environments, and management practices were all relevant to an explanation of inmate misconduct. This suggests that inmate characteristics may interact with characteristics of the facility environment and specific practices of inmate and facility management in determining the level and nature of inmate misconduct. Regarding the impact of management practices, this study found consistent effects on misconduct of inmates’ perceptions of the legitimacy of the correctional staff; for example, inmate perceptions of fairness and consistency in defining and responding to inmate misconduct was found to be a significant factor in achieving inmate compliance with the rules. Regarding inmate characteristics, the study observed links between inmate misconduct and age, sex, race, and criminal history. Although the strength of the proposed theoretical model of the causes of prison disorder is its inclusion of multiple relevant factors, this feature makes it difficult to test, because it requires a considerable amount of data from a number of facilities within multiple States in order to establish its general applicability to prison disorders; however, partial tests of the model could still shed light on its applicability. Data for this study were collected as part of a larger project that examined the disciplinary process within and across facilities for adults in Ohio. Data were also obtained from inmate surveys and official statistics. 9 tables, 204 references, and appended Ohio inmate rules of conduct, models from empirical studies of prison disorders, response rate for inmate survey by facility, and specific rule violations within categories of inmate misconduct
Main Term(s): Corrections research
Index Term(s): Prison disorders ; Inmate staff relations ; Inmate discipline ; Models ; Prison management ; Prison conditions ; Inmate monitoring ; Inmate misconduct ; NIJ final report ; Ohio
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2007-IJ-CX-0010
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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