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NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
 
NCJ Number: NCJ 227930   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Age and Sex Estimation From the Human Clavicle: An Investigation of Traditional and Novel Methods
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
Author(s): Natalie Renee Shirley
Date Published: 05/2009
Page Count: 119
  Annotation: This study examined differences in the skeletal maturation and structure of the human clavicle between males and females in the American population.
Abstract: In the current study, significant secular trends were apparent in the onset of skeletal maturation, with modern Americans transitioning to fusion approximately 4 years earlier than early 20th century Americans and 3.5 years earlier than Korean War era Americans. The dynamic nature of human populations requires constant research in order to ensure the most rigorous standards and current practices are available for use. Age ranges derive from Bayesian statistics circumvent the issues of age mimicry and developmental outliers. Consequently, a Bayesian approach should be considered in future evaluation of subadult skeletal aging. Regarding gender differences in the structure of the clavicle, cross-validated accuracy rates of the best models were approximately 92 percent. Two new measurements of the lateral end proved to be useful gender estimators; whereas accuracy rates from the medial end were low. A statistical treatment that combined Principal Components Analysis and Fisher’s Discriminant Ratio showed high magnitudes of curvature difference between males and females, particularly in the anterior and superior curvature of the midshaft and the posterior- oriented curvature of the lateral end. For the epiphyseal union study, clavicles from 1,289 individuals from cohorts spanning the 20th century were scored with 2 scoring systems. A simple three-phase scoring system proved the least subjective, while retaining accuracy levels. Linear regression was used to evaluate the sexing accuracy of three commonly used clavicular measurements and six newly developed measurements. In addition, a statistical clavicle atlas was used to examine size and shape. 7 tables, 28 figures, 149 references, and appended supplementary data
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Victim identification ; Bone analysis ; Forensics/Forensic Sciences ; Investigative techniques ; Death investigations ; Gender determination ; NIJ final report ; Age determination
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2007-DN-BX-0004
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=249941

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