skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 76465 Find in a Library
Title: Transportation Security - Ambush Countermeasures and Tactics (From Clandestine Tactics and Technology - A Technical and Background Intelligence Data Service, Volume 5 - See NCJ-77151)
Author(s): A J Scotti
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: International Assoc of Chiefs of Police
Alexandria, VA 22314
Sale Source: International Assoc of Chiefs of Police
44 Canal Center Plaza, Suite 200
Alexandria, VA 22314
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Focusing on the characteristics of automobile ambushes, this article describes methods for avoiding and thwarting these attacks and for providing automobile security.
Abstract: Travel in automobiles represent a time of high vulnerability to kidnapping or assassination attempts. Victims are placed in situations in which their actions can be predicted and their mobility alternatives are reduced. Ambushes rely on surprise, mobility and speed, planning, and the confidence and decisionmaking ability of the attacker. Potential victims must plan their defense to eliminate surprise, to deny potential attackers the information needed for planning, and to maintain an advantage in speed and mobility to permit escape. An analysis of the successful ambushes of Aldo Moro and Hans Martin Schleyer indicate the importance of alertness, the use of an armored car, and the use of various travel routes. Armored cars can be designed to absorb gun fire and return it while calling for help, and/or to absorb gun fire and escape. However, increased ability to absorb fire can reduce the capability to maneuver or escape. Security measures for cars should include tire protections, communications capability, protection from bombs, alarm systems, and antitheft devices. Protective driving techniques include ramming, J-turns, and bootlegger turns which allow victims to escape. In addition, security considerations for general travel plans, aircraft security, and special precautions for women are briefly noted. Illustrations and notes are included.
Index Term(s): Assassination; Automobile security; Crime specific countermeasures; Kidnapping
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.