The term “corrections” refers to the supervision of persons arrested for, convicted of, or sentenced for criminal offenses, whether that supervision takes place in institutions or the community.
The correctional system is intended to protect the public by separating those who have committed violent offenses from the community, deterring others from committing offenses, and rehabilitating individuals for reintegration into the community upon release. Preparing individuals for their return to their communities is critical to protecting public safety.
Working in correctional facilities is demanding as personnel must maintain a constant state of heightened vigilance and adhere to strict security protocols. Additionally, corrections staff must perform their duties within harsh physical environments and with the threat of repeated exposure to violent events.
In 1984, President Ronald Reagan signed Proclamation 5187, creating “National Correctional Officers’ Week.” Each year, the first full week in May is recognized as National Correctional Officers and Employees Week, commemorating the contributions of correctional officers and personnel who work in jails, prisons, and community corrections across the country.
To recognize the contributions made by corrections personnel, NCJRS presents this compilation of resources related to correctional facilities and staff within the facilities. Please select a topic from the section at the right under the heading “Correctional Resources” to learn more.