masthead image with text: In Focus: Corrections NCJRS acronym/logo with text: National Criminal Justice Reference Service

The United States corrections system manages prisons and jails throughout the country as well as offenders who have been released into the community on probation and parole.

One of the three central pillars of the criminal justice system, corrections is intended to protect the public by separating violent offenders from the community, deterring others from offending, and rehabilitating offenders before reintegration into the community.

But the corrections system faces a number of challenges in its way of accomplishing these goals. One particular issue is the sheer size of the correctional population. Additionally, the correctional population varies in age, gender, and mental capability – each population presenting and challenging correction officials with differing needs.

One of the greatest threats to correctional officer wellness involves the stress they encounter on a daily basis. Corrections staff must also perform their duties within harsh physical environments and with the threat of repeated exposure to violent events.

However, through a variety of programs, OJP is working to provide critical safety information and resources to corrections personnel.

During National Correctional Officers and Employees Week (May 7-13, 2017), access the Correctional Resources Special Feature for topical information and access to OJP and other federal resources.

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Congress of Correction
August 18-22, 2017 | St. Louis, MO
Managing Restrictive Housing Populations
September 11-14, 2017 | Aurora, CO

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Related Resources

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NCJRS Federal Sponsors

Office of Justice Programs (OJP)

Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA)

Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)

National Institute of Justice (NIJ)

Office for Victims of Crime (OVC)

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP)

Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and Tracking (SMART)