Chart II-L-1: Program Costs Per Client/Family: Juvenile and Family Drug Courts

 

ST

Jurisdiction

Juv

Fam

<$500

$501-900

$901-1200

$1201-1500

$1501-1800

$1801-2100

$2101-2500

$2501-3000

$3001-3500

$3501-4000

Over 4000

AL

Birmingham

x



x










AZ

Phoenix

x






x







CA

Auburn

x








x





CA

French camp

x












x

CA

San Jose

x












x

DE

Wilmington

x





x








FL

Bartow

x


x











FL

Orlando

x


x











FL

Pensacola (family)


x








x




FL

Pensacola (juvenile)

x









x




FL

Tampa

x







x






IL

Chicago

x






x







KY

Louisville

x









x




MO

Benton

x











x


NJ

New Jersey

x




x









NM

Las Cruces

x





x








NV

Duckwater

x


x











NV

Las Vegas

x

x




x








NV

Reno


x











x

OH

Lancaster (juvenile)

x


x











OH

Lancaster (family)

x


x











SC

Charleston

x











x


UT

Salt Lake City

x


x











 

2. Fees assessed

Approximately one quarter of the juvenile drug courts assess a participation fee which the juvenile must pay in order to graduate. These fees range from $ 30 per day for detox in Tampa (usually up to three days but sliding scale applies) to $ 1,050 in San Francisco. In Missoula, the fee is assessed for urinalysis costs. In Duckwater, the fee is assessed only on non-tribal members. Several jurisdictions apply the fee to participants on a sliding scale basis.

 

3. Funding Sources

 

Approximately half of the reporting juvenile drug courts have received federal funding, most of which has come from the U.S. Department of Justice Drug Courts Program Office. Several programs have also received federal funds from the Bureau of Justice Assistance Local Law Enforcement Block Grant Program; the Comprehensive Communities Program; and the Byrne Memorial Block Grant Program. Approximately one quarter of the programs have received state funds and twenty percent have received local funds. Only three programs (Tulare County; Greenfield and Charleston) indicate receipt of medicaid and/or insurance reimbursement funds for drug court services. One program (Reno) has received funds from a private foundation. A summary of the funding sources used by the reporting juvenile and family drug courts is provided in Chart II-L-2 which follows.

 

Chart II-L-2(1): Juvenile Drug Court Funding Sources

 

State

Jurisdiction

Serious Problems

How Resolved

AL

Birmingham

Drug Court has out grown the capacity of treatment providers

Added staff for secondary prevention and treatment readiness groups

AZ

Phoenix

Little or no financing - involving the families


CA

Auburn

1)Consistent parental involvement 2)Communication between P.O./Case Manager with treatment provider 3)Identifying what population is appropriate

Not yet resolved

CA

EL Dorado

From a Probation standpoint, referring qualified participants to the program has been an issue; at this time our number of participants is low.

We are re-evaluating our criteria for the program in referring appropriate minors.

CA

San Francisco

No significant impediment to planning


CA

San Jose

lack of resources

have not been

DE

Wilmington

freeing up enough judge time

waiting list - more clients than resources

family participation in treatment with some clients is non-existent

additional judicial pressure from/at intake process improved family participation

FL

Bartow

Ensuring family participation.

Still working on it.

FL

Ft. Lauderdale

Establishing the criteria for eligibility - than creating an incentive for juvenile participation in drug court

still being addressed

FL

Jacksonville

Female Prostitutes

Dual Diagnosed Clients


FL

Key West

understaffed

developing policies and procedures for treatment that meet the needs of families. Judge understanding things like under funding. Working with families who have limited parenting skills and who use drugs and alcohol

1) closer relationship with the school and business community

2) educating the community that juvenile drug court is a viable option for youth who have been assessed to having a substance abuse problem.

3) to develop resources for youth who have drug charges but do not use

FL

Orlando

1) Lack of client cooperation

2) Low referral rates

#1 Clients can be court ordered to participate

#2 Expand criteria for admission

FL

Pensacola (juvenile)

The largest problem has been the merging of the Family Intervention Specialist and treatment.

Continual meetings and assessment.

FL

Tampa

We did not encounter any serious problems. We were fortunate to have 5 years experience with two adult drug courts.

This year we have a few minor problems caused by a (drastic) change in State Attorney staff. These are being worked out by the team continuing to offer "invitations" (& regrets) to all of out team meetings & letting them know we feel that are an important team member.

IL

Chicago

1. Motivating an essentially pre-adjudicated population

2. Convincing marijuana/alcohol users they have substance addiction issues

1. Potential solutions are being explored.

2. Work with treatment providers.

KY

Louisville

Getting referrals

Still working on it with the Department of Juvenile Justice

MT

Missoula

1. Coordination with state program utilized by Youth Drug Court including access to services.

2. Working with conduct disorder youth

3. Finding jobs for juveniles

1. Closer working relationships with program

2. Utilizing group treatment homes

3. Working with job training programs

NM

Las Cruces

The county wants control, we want program judicial/court oversight

A.O.C. awarded grant to District Court

NV

Duckwater

Interaction with juveniles in program

Not sure they have been.

NV

Las Vegas

Funding of treatment

Funding from State

OH

Lancaster

1. We initially gave you a choice to participate: this was effective because most of the youth chose no to (due to length of program & stringent rules). The judge is now ordering participation based on recommendations of counselors, P.O.'s

2. Due to the confidentiality ruling for all court hearings, we devised a form that juveniles/parents must sign waiving confidentiality during status hearings.

3. Space requirements for Drug Court staff

4. Lack of time for team staffings; we are attempting to modify our schedules in order to accommodate this.

5. Educating other staff, and dealing with resentment from other staff. Has become necessary to have frequent meetings and educate them, involve them in process.

Within each explanation

SC

Charleston

a)minor procedural changes

b)goal to become more efficient

Frequent meetings - talking out problems, brainstorming

UT

Salt Lake City

Funding--non grant funding

Continue to seek permanent funding

 

 

Chart V- C (2): Most Serious Implementation Problems Encountered and Their Resolution: Family Drug Courts

 

State

Jurisdiction

Serious Problems

How Resolved

MA

Greenfield

Incentives for parents and their attorneys


NY

Central Islip

Since this is not a criminal court OJP $ is not available.

Local County legislature and county executive appropriated start up funding.

 

D. Modifications and/or Enhancements Planned for Juvenile or Family Drug Courts

 

Respondents were asked to indicate what modifications and/or enhancements, if any, they anticipated making in their juvenile drug court programs during future years. Although some programs did not have sufficient operational experience to yet note needed modifications, a number of programs responded with the following comments:

Chart V-D(1): Modifications and/or Enhancements Planned: Juvenile Drug Courts

 

State

Jurisdiction

Modifications/Enhancement Planned

AL

Birmingham

We would like to serve low-level violent offenders who have substance issues and are not complying with Juvenile TASC

AZ

Phoenix

Hope to expand with federally funded grant

CA

Auburn

School sanctions, employment/school required for 18 year old participants, inclusion of family counseling as a requirement of program

CA

EL Dorado

It is too early to know at this time.

CA

French camp

1. Acupuncture component

2. "Family Wellness Counseling

CA

San Francisco

Addition of more family workers and a family pieces

CA

San Jose

Expansion, mentorship program, self evaluation tool, possibly get our own day treatment program

CA

Tulare

Plan to create a Family Drug Court Program to service cases in juvenile dependency.

FL

Bartow

Addition of a drug testing lab on site

FL

Jacksonville

Provide serves for Dually Diagnosed participants

FL

Orlando

Expansion into other counties in Central Florida; gain local funding to continue the program.

FL

Pensacola (juvenile)

The juvenile treatment program is being re-written. A more holistic treatment approach is being developed. The integration of computers and study time with treatment is being addressed.

FL

Tampa

We will possibly look towards expanding our program to include post adjudication cases, also adding additional treatment alternatives, more incentives to phases (& graduation) & work towards developing a more comprehensive job placement component.

IL

Chicago

1. Develop More Girls' Programming.

2. Develop Supplemental specific issue groups.

MT

Missoula

1. Enlarge literacy volunteer program and better interface with school.

2. Work to educate and expand community support

3. Implement computerized tracking of UA's and program performance

NJ

Jersey City

nothing yet

NM

Las Cruces

Extend time juveniles participate

Further develop all components

Enhance funding opportunities

NV

Duckwater

Create an Adolescent NA/AA program on the reservation.

NV

Las Vegas

Hiring a Drug Court Coordinator

OH

Lancaster

1. Increased parental insolvent through groups, education.

2. More immediate drug testing.

3. Developing mentor program with graduates who have remained substance-free.

4. Enhancement of education/vocational training through our Alternative School.

5. Securing additional space for out Drug Court.

SC

Charleston

1) Increase family counseling

2) More school involvement

3) Extra curriculum activities

4) More positive sanctions

UT

Salt Lake City

More extensive pre and post testing

 

 


Continue