Bureau of Justice Assistance
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Notes

1. The term soldier is commonly used to identify journeymen members of Baltimore's gangs.

2. Threads of information hint that gang leaders are united in a loose confederation, but its membership, structure, and goals are shrouded in secrecy. The possibility that such a confederation exists is alarming because its structure resembles that of organized crime, a problem which has not yet taken hold in Baltimore.

3. Baltimore gang leaders reacted by addressing the two weaknesses that were revealed in the King/Ricks/Meredith investigation. Access to leaders became more limited to the gang's small, tight nucleus, and assets were hidden more frequently.

4. Timmirror Stanfield and Warren Boardley were both originally misidentified as street dealers because law enforcement investigations revealed little about the size and scope of their gangs.

5. In the Boardley investigation, 10 incarcerated members were interviewed.

6. In 1987, 11,873 subjects were arrested for narcotics violations. Of that number, 7,661 were charged with possession of dangerous controlled substances—addicts with personal-use quantities of drugs. This group possesses a significant amount of criminal information, but it appears to be largely untapped, suggesting that the arrests may have been a statistical pursuit.

7. Data was supplied by Ameen I. Ramzy, M.D., F.A.C.S., Deputy Director of the Maryland Institute for Emergency Medical Services Systems.

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