Aftercare is a promising program concept designed to minimize recidivism among youth released from out-of-home placement. A review of the research and an analysis of current aftercare programs in the field reveal that comprehensive aftercare models integrate intervention and community restraint measures. These programs combine strategies to change individual behavior with surveillance mechanisms to protect the community from further harm. Moreover, the symmetry found in the characteristics of these programs provides practitioners with a blueprint for an aftercare program that can effectively help youth return from institutions to the community. The analysis does not suggest that these are the only valid aftercare strategies, but it does offer practitioners a resource with which to strategically construct effective aftercare designs.

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Aftercare Services Juvenile Justice Practice Series