Conclusion

Through the programs described above, DOJ, HHS, CNS, and NEA are working to break the cycle of violence by addressing youth victimization, abuse, and neglect. Research on programs that address youth victimization has identified key elements of effective programs and issues that should be emphasized by new programs (Chalk and King, 1998). Effective prevention efforts and programs need to be directed toward parents, caregivers, and families and should focus on issues of violence within the family. Effective primary prevention should focus on training parents, teachers, principals, daycare providers, law enforcement officers, and juvenile justice system professionals to recognize "red flags" and identify risk factors for victimization early in a child’s life. From a law enforcement perspective, community-oriented policing that builds trust and relationships with both juveniles and family members and that is primarily proactive rather than reactive will go a long way toward preventing juvenile crime and child victimization. Programs to help children cope with trauma must be able to address the issues of domestic violence and trauma to parents or caregivers. By incorporating these elements into future prevention and intervention programs and continuing to study effective strategies, practitioners can help break the cycle of violence by minimizing youth victimization and exposure to violence.



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Addressing Youth Victimization OJJDP Action Plan Update • October 2001