References

American Bar Association. 2000. A Gathering Momentum: Continuing Impacts of the American Bar Association Call for a Moratorium on Executions. Washington, DC: American Bar Association.

Amnesty International. 1991. USA: The Death Penalty and Juvenile Offenders. New York, NY: Amnesty International USA Publications.

Amnesty International. 1998. On the Wrong Side of History: Children and the Death Penalty in the USA. New York, NY: Amnesty International USA Publications.

Bassham, G. 1991. Rethinking the emerging jurisprudence of juvenile death. Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics, and Public Policy 5(2):467-501.

Evans, K.L. 1992. Trying juveniles as adults: Is the short-term gain of retribution outweighed by the long-term effects on society? Mississippi Law Journal 62(1):95-131.

Hale, R.L. 1997. A Review of Juvenile Executions in America. Criminology Series, vol 3. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press.

Hanna, J. 2000. Mandatory life term for teen rejected. Chicago Tribune (June 22).

Jackson, S. 1996. Too young to die—juveniles and the death penalty—a better alternative to killing our children: Youth empowerment. New England Journal on Criminal and Civil Confinement 22(2):391-437.

Lewis, D.O., Pincus, J.H., Bard, B., Richardson, E., Prichep, L.S., Feldman, M., and Yeager, L. 1988. Neuropsychiatric, psychoeducational, and family characteristics of 14 juveniles condemned to death in the United States. American Journal of Psychiatry 145(5):585-589.

Liebman, J.S., Fagan, J., and West, V. 2000. A Broken System: Error Rates in Capital Cases 1973-1995. New York, NY: Columbia Law School.

Lipsey, M.W., and Wilson, D.B. 1998. Effective intervention for serious juvenile offenders: A synthesis of research. In Serious and Violent Juvenile Offenders: Risk Factors and Successful Interventions, edited by R. Loeber and D.P. Farrington. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc., pp. 313-345.

Logan, W.A. 1998. Proportionality and punishment: Imposing life without parole on juveniles. Wake Forest Law Review 33:681-725.

Matthews, S. 1995. Juvenile capital offenders on empathy. Reclaiming Children and Youth (Summer):10-12.

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 1998. Serious and Violent Juvenile Offenders. Bulletin. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Robinson, D.A., and Stephens, O.H. 1992. Patterns of mitigating factors in juvenile death penalty cases. Criminal Law Bulletin 28(3):246-275.

Snell, T.L. 1999. Capital Punishment 1998. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics.

Snyder, H.N., and Sickmund, M. 1999. Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 1999 National Report. Report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Streib, V.L. 1999. Juvenile Death Penalty Today: Death Sentences and Executions for Juvenile Crimes, January 1973-June 1999. Ada, OH: Ohio Northern University Claude W. Pettit College of Law.

Streib, V.L. 2000. The Juvenile Death Penalty Today: Death Sentences and Executions for Juvenile Crimes, January 1, 1973-June 30, 2000. Ada, OH: Ohio Northern University Claude W. Pettit College of Law.


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Juveniles and the Death PenaltyCoordinating Council on Juvenile Justice
and Delinquency Prevention
November 2000