Predictors of Youth Violence
J. David Hawkins, Todd I. Herrenkohl, David P. Farrington, Devon Brewer, Richard F. Catalano, Tracy W. Harachi, and Lynn Cothern
Predictors of Violent or Serious Delinquency
by Age Group: A Comparative Ranking
For Further Information
OJJDP Study Group
J. David Hawkins, Ph.D., is Director of the Social Development Research Group and Professor of Social Work at the University of Washington, Seattle, and a founder of Developmental Research and Programs.
Todd I. Herrenkohl, Ph.D., is a Research Analyst with the Social Development Research Group and Assistant Professor of Social Work at the University of Washington, Seattle.
David P. Farrington, Ph.D., is Professor of Psychological Criminology at the Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge, England.
Devon Brewer, Ph.D., is a Research Scientist with the Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute at the University of Washington, Seattle.
Richard F. Catalano, Ph.D., is Associate Director of the Social Development Research Group and Professor of Social Work at the University of Washington, Seattle, and a founder of Developmental Research and Programs.
Tracy W. Harachi, Ph.D., is a Research Associate Professor with the Social Development Research Group in the School of Social Work at the University of Washington, Seattle.
Lynn Cothern, Ph.D., is a Senior Writer/Editor for the Juvenile Justice Resource Center in Rockville, MD.
Points of view or opinions expressed in this
document are those of the author and do not necessarily represent
the official position or policies of OJJDP or the U.S. Department
The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
is a component of the Office of Justice Programs, which also includes
the Bureau of Justice Assistance, the Bureau of Justice Statistics,
the National Institute of Justice, and the Office for Victims
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|Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
| From the Administrator
If we could confidently predict which youth would be prone to commit violent acts and at which stage in their development such delinquency was most likely to erupt, it would significantly strengthen our efforts to prevent juvenile violence.
Accordingly, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's (OJJDP's) Study Group on Serious and Violent Juvenile Offenders devoted 2 years to analyzing the research on risk and protective factors for serious and violent juvenile offending, including predictors of juvenile violence derived from the findings of long-term studies.
This Bulletin describes a number of such risk and protective factors, including individual, family, school, peer-related, community/neighborhood, and situational factors.
Although we need additional research on juvenile violence, the information this Bulletin provides will enhance our understanding of the predictors of youth violence. I would also call your attention to the Study Group Report and to the Bulletin summarizing it, both of which may be obtained from OJJDP's Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse.
John J. Wilson