State Custody Rates, 1997
Better data give insight into the use
of private facilities
Private facilities are an important
Use of private facilities varies substantially
A note on confidentiality
For further information
This Bulletin was prepared under grant number 1999–JN–FX–K002 from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, U.S. Department of Justice.
Points of view or opinions expressed in this document are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of OJJDP or the U.S. Department of
The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention is a component of the Office of Justice Programs, which also includes the Bureau of Justice Assistance, the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office for Victims of Crime.
|From the Administrator|
Obtaining sound information is essential to arriving at a clear understanding of any situation. To that end, OJJDP inaugurated its annual Children in Custody (CIC) census in 1974 to assess the status of juveniles held in detention or corrections facilities.
While the CIC census served an important role for more than two decades, practitioners increasingly have required more detailed information to understand how facilities are
used, particularly differences in the use of public and private facilities. In response to this need, OJJDP launched the more comprehensive Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP) in 1997.
Using 1997 CJRP findings, this Bulletin compares the role of private facilities, where most status offenders are held, with that of public facilities, where most delinquent offenders are
detained. For example, California leads the United States in custody rates based on delinquents held in public facilities, but when public and private facility data for both delinquent
and status offenders are combined, the District of Columbia tops the list.
The detailed State-by-State data on juveniles held in public and private facilities provided in these pages will enable readers to better understand the role these facilities play in their
own States and across the Nation.
John J. Wilson