OJJDP logo
John J. Wilson, Acting Administrator December 2000

State Custody Rates, 1997

Melissa Sickmund


Better data give insight into the use of private facilities

Private facilities are an important custody resource

Use of private facilities varies substantially by State


A note on confidentiality

For further information

This Bulletin was prepared under grant number 1999JNFXK002 from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, U.S. Department of Justice.

Points of view or opinions expressed in this document are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of OJJDP or the U.S. Department of Justice.
The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention is a component of the Office of Justice Programs, which also includes the Bureau of Justice Assistance, the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office for Victims of Crime.

From the Administrator

Obtaining sound information is essential to arriving at a clear understanding of any situation. To that end, OJJDP inaugurated its annual Children in Custody (CIC) census in 1974 to assess the status of juveniles held in detention or corrections facilities.

While the CIC census served an important role for more than two decades, practitioners increasingly have required more detailed information to understand how facilities are used, particularly differences in the use of public and private facilities. In response to this need, OJJDP launched the more comprehensive Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP) in 1997.

Using 1997 CJRP findings, this Bulletin compares the role of private facilities, where most status offenders are held, with that of public facilities, where most delinquent offenders are detained. For example, California leads the United States in custody rates based on delinquents held in public facilities, but when public and private facility data for both delinquent and status offenders are combined, the District of Columbia tops the list.

The detailed State-by-State data on juveniles held in public and private facilities provided in these pages will enable readers to better understand the role these facilities play in their own States and across the Nation.

John J. Wilson
Acting Administrator



This Bulletin was written by Melissa Sickmund, Ph.D., Senior Research Associate at the National Center for Juvenile Justice. The author gratefully acknowledges the efforts of the many public and private residential placement facilities that contribute data to CJRP.

NCJ 183108

OJJDP Home | About OJJDP | E-News | Topics | Funding | Programs
State Contacts | Publications | Statistics | Events