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  July 2001

Blueprints for Violence Prevention

Sharon Mihalic, Katherine Irwin, Delbert Elliott, Abigail Fagan, and Diane Hansen


Selection Criteria

Evidence of Deterrent Effect When
  Using a Strong Research Design
Sustained Effects
Multiple Site Replication
Additional Factors

Model Program Descriptions

Prenatal and Infancy Home Visitation
  by Nurses
The Incredible Years Series
Promoting Alternative THinking
Bullying Prevention Program
Big Brothers Big Sisters of America
Life Skills Training
Midwestern Prevention Project
Functional Family Therapy
Multisystemic Therapy
Multidimensional Treatment Foster
Quantum Opportunities Program

Replication of Blueprints Programs

Assessment and Planning
Implementation Challenges
Implementation Strengths


For Further Information


A Message From OJJDP

As communities seek to prevent and control youth violence, they naturally look to the growing number of effective violence reduction programs that are being implemented across the Nation. How can they accurately assess the relative merits of these competing programs and determine the strategy best suited to meeting their local needs?

Through the Blueprints for Violence Prevention Initiative, OJJDP provides information to communities on a broad array of violence prevention and intervention programs that have been proven to be effective. This Bulletin describes the demanding criteria established by the Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence to designate model Blueprints programs and the activities of the 11 programs out of the more than 500 that have been reviewed to date and found to meet those rigorous standards. Contact information is provided for each program, and replication and funding resources are discussed.

The most significant criterion used in reviewing a program’s effectiveness is evidence of its deterrent effect when using a strong research design. The Blueprints programs featured in this Bulletin have demonstrated their effectiveness in reducing adolescent violent crime, aggressive delinquency, substance abuse, and predelinquent aggression and conduct disorders. They merit our attention and consideration.


This Bulletin was prepared under grant number 98–MU–MU–K005 from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, U.S. Department of Justice.

Points of view or opinions expressed in this document are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of OJJDP or the U.S. Department of Justice.

The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention is a component of the Office of Justice Programs, which also includes the Bureau of Justice Assistance, the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office for Victims of Crime.


Delbert Elliott, Ph.D., is Director of the Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence (CSPV), University of Colorado at Boulder. Sharon Mihalic, M.A., Director, Katherine Irwin, Evaluation Manager, Abigail Fagan, Life Skills Training Manager, and Diane Hansen, Training and Technical Assistance Manager, work on CSPV’s Blueprints for Violence Prevention Initiative.

Photograph 1 copyright © 1997 PhotoDisc, Inc.; photographs 2 and 5 copyright © 2001 PhotoDisc, Inc.; photograph 3 copyright © 2001 Corbis; photograph 4 copyright © 1999 PhotoDisc, Inc.

NCJ 187079

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