In Brief

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OJJDP's Teleconference Videotape Targets Gender Issues

Video Tape What About Girls? Females and the Juvenile Justice System is the latest addition to OJJDP's satellite teleconference videotape series. The series is an efficient means of training staff in juvenile justice organizations, law enforcement, youth-serving agencies, schools, and other community organizations.

What About Girls provides a forum for issues concerning female offenders in the juvenile justice system, examines various approaches and promising program models for girls, and identifies resource material that supports gender-specific programming. The May 24, 1999, teleconference broadcast highlighted the PACE Center for Girls, Inc. Jacksonville, FL; an initiative of the Pulaski County Juvenile Court, Little Rock, AR; and the Harriet Tubman Residential Center, Auburn, NY. Teleconference speakers included Dr. Joanne Belknap, Associate Professor in Sociology and Women's Studies, University of Colorado; Inez Nieves-Evans, Director of the Harriet Tubman Residential Center for girls in upstate New York; and the Honorable Rita Gruber, Little Rock, AR.

To learn about future teleconferences and to coordinate a downlink site in your community, contact Becky Ritchey of OJJDP's Juvenile Justice Telecommunications Assistance Project at 606-622-6671 or via e-mail at To order a copy of the videotape, see the order form.

Juvenile Female Offenders: A Status of the States

Juvenile Female Offenders An OJJDP Report released in October 1998, Juvenile Female Offenders: A Status of the States, describes State efforts to develop and implement programs and policies for at-risk girls and juvenile female offenders. The strategies presented in this Report include developing gender-specific programs for girls, providing training for personnel who work with adolescent females, and focusing on preventing delinquent behavior in girls through the establishment of front-end, community-based services.

Efforts to address the needs of juvenile females in this country are evolving and changing with the times. Although States are increasingly demonstrating a strong commitment to this issue, more work is necessary if we are to reduce delinquency among America's fastest growing juvenile offender population. This Report is both a resource for understanding current initiatives and a guide to assist the field in identifying future courses of action. It is available online at

Guiding Principles for Promising Female Programming: An Inventory of Best Practices

Guiding Principles Another OJJDP Report, Guiding Principles for Promising Female Programming: An Inventory of Best Practices, provides a comprehensive review of the most relevant theoretical and research studies on the gender-specific needs of adolescent girls. It delineates the risk and protective factors affecting girls and presents strategies both in the juvenile justice system and in community settings. The Report is available online at

Other Resources

OJJDP's Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse, through the National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS), is the repository for tens of thousands of criminal and juvenile justice publications and resources from around the world, including those focusing on gender-specific issues. They are abstracted and made available through a database, which is searchable online ( We encourage you to share your resources on gender-specific issues and other juvenile justice and delinquency prevention topics for inclusion in the database. Send materials to:

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse, Acquisitions-2B, 2277 Research Boulevard, Rockville, MD 20850

Women in Criminal Justice: A Twenty Year Update

Women in Criminal Justice The Office of Justice Programs (OJP), through its Coordination Group on Women and in collaboration with other U.S. Department of Justice agencies, recently released Women in Criminal Justice: A Twenty Year Update. This report is an update of The Report of the LEAA [Law Enforcement Assistance Administration] Task Force on Women, published in October 1975, which made recommendations on issues that the criminal justice field should examine to ensure that women and girls are treated fairly in the criminal justice system. Women in Criminal Justice evaluates these recommendations and provides statistics, research, and other data focusing on females as adult and juvenile offenders, victims of crime, and professionals working in the criminal justice system. It also includes a series of recommendations for action by policymakers. The report is available online at