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References

Battin, S.R., Hill, K.G., Abbott, R.D., Catalano, R.F., and Hawkins, J.D. 1998. The contribution of gang membership to delinquency beyond delinquent friends. Criminology 36(1):93–115.

Cochran, W.G. 1977. Sampling Techniques. New York, NY: Wiley Interscience.

Curry, G.D. 1995. National Youth Gang Surveys: A Review of Methods and Findings. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, National Youth Gang Center.

Curry, G.D. 1998. Female gang involvement. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 35(1):100–118.

Curry, G.D. 2000. Research note: Self-reported gang involvement and officially recorded delinquency. Criminology 38 (4):1101–1122.

Curry, G.D., Ball, R.A., and Decker, S.H. 1996a. Estimating the National Scope of Gang Crime From Law Enforcement Data. Research in Brief. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice.

Curry, G.D., Ball, R.A., and Decker, S.H. 1996b. Estimating the national scope of gang crime from law enforcement data. In Gangs in America, edited by C.R. Huff. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, pp. 21–36.

Curry, G.D., Ball, R.A., and Decker, S.H. 1996c. Update on Gang Crime and Law Enforcement Recordkeeping: Report of the 1994 National Institute of Justice Extended National Assessment Survey of Law Enforcement Anti-Gang Information Resources. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice.

Curry, G.D., Howell, J.C., and Maxson, C.L. Forthcoming. Youth Gang Homicides in the United States in the 1990’s. Fact Sheet. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Federal Bureau of Investigation. 1995. Crime in the United States, 1994: Uniform Crime Reports. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice.

Federal Bureau of Investigation. 1999. Crime in the United States, 1998: Uniform Crime Reports. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice.

Howell, J.C., and Decker, S.H. 1999. The Youth Gang, Drugs, and Violence Connection. Bulletin. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Howell, J.C., and Lynch J.P. 2000. Youth Gangs in Schools. Bulletin. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Klein, M.W. 1995. The American Street Gang: Its Nature, Prevalence, and Control. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Maxson, C.L., Klein, M.W., and Cunningham, L.C. 1993. Street Gangs and Drug Sales. Report to the National Institute of Justice. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice.

National Youth Gang Center. 1997. 1995 National Youth Gang Survey. Summary. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

National Youth Gang Center. 1999a. 1996 National Youth Gang Survey. Summary. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

National Youth Gang Center. 1999b. 1997 National Youth Gang Survey. Summary. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Sante, L. 1991. Low Life: Lures and Snares of Old New York. New York, NY: Vintage Books.

Spergel, I.A., and Bobrowski, L., eds. 1989. Proceedings of the Law Enforcement Youth Gang Definitional Conference. Draft. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

National Youth Gang Center

As part of its comprehensive, coordinated response to America’s gang problem, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) funds the National Youth Gang Center (NYGC). NYGC assists State and local jurisdictions in the collection, analysis, and exchange of information on gang-related demographics, legislation, literature, research, and promising program strategies. NYGC coordinates activities of the OJJDP Gang Consortium, a group of Federal agencies, gang program representatives, and service providers that works to coordinate gang information and programs. NYGC also provides training and technical assistance for OJJDP’s Rural Gang, Gang-Free Schools, and Gang-Free Communities Initiatives. For more information, contact:

National Youth Gang Center
P.O. Box 12729
Tallahassee, FL 32317
800–446–0912
850–386–5356 (fax)
E-mail: nygc@iir.com
Internet: www.iir.com/nygc


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1998 Youth Gang Survey
OJJDP Summary
November 2000