Chapter 2: Jurisdictional and Program Self-Assessment
Update of Statistics|
The most recent statistical information available at the time of publication was used in this manual. However, readers may want to request updated information for comparison with jurisdictional or program data.The OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book (www.ojjdp.ncjrs.org/ojstatbb) provides basic information on juvenile crime and victimization and on youth involved in the juvenile justice system. The data provide timely, reliable, statistical answers to the most frequently asked questions of policymakers, the media, and the general public.
The juvenile percentage of arrests for violent crimes is comparable to the proportion of youth in the population responsible for most crimes, that is, individuals between ages 10 and 49. However, juveniles account for a disproportionately large percentage of property arrests. Figure 2:f graphically shows this comparison.
Figure 2:g shows the juvenile percentage of arrests in four types of violent crimes in 1998. The robbery percentage is disproportionately large compared with forcible rape, aggravated assault, and murder, which are below the percentage of the population in the 10-49 age group represented by youth (Snyder, 1999).
Figure 2:h depicts the 12 most common nonviolent crimes for which youth are arrested. For nine of those crimes (arson, vandalism, motor vehicle theft, burglary, larceny/theft, disorderly conduct, robbery, liquor law violations, and weapons), the percentage of juvenile arrests exceeds their proportion of the population (Snyder, 1999).
Figure 2:i shows the nine crime categories for which juveniles have the lowest arrest proportions.
In addition to the crimes depicted in Figures 2:g, 2:h, and 2:i, only youth may be arrested for status offenses, such as curfew violations and running away. Arrests for curfew violations have increased in recent years, up 178 percent between 1989 and 1998. Over the same period, arrests for running away have held relatively constant, down only 5 percent (Snyder, 1999).
|Jurisdictional Technical Assistance Package for Juvenile Corrections||Report - December 2000|