Juvenile Offenders and Victims:
1999 National Report

Howard N. Snyder
Melissa Sickmund

National Center for Juvenile Justice
September 1999

Shay Bilchik, Administrator
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention


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Foreword, Acknowledgments, Table of contents

Chapter 1: Juvenile population characteristics

    Juvenile population
    Juveniles in poverty
    Living arrangements of juveniles
    Births to teens
    School dropouts
    Chapter 1 sources

Chapter 2: Juvenile victims

    Juvenile homicide victims
    Firearm-related homicides of juveniles
    Juvenile homicide victims by county
    Age relationship between homicide victims and offenders
    Juvenile suicide
    International comparison of firearm-related homicides and suicides
    Victimization survey of juveniles
    Sexual assaults of young children
    Victims of school crime
    Time-of-day analysis of juvenile victimization
    Victimization and drug use
    Juveniles reporting crime to officials
    Missing children
    Child maltreatment
    Processing abuse and neglect cases
    Child maltreatment reports to child protective service agencies
    Child maltreatment by gender of perpetrator
    Chapter 2 sources

Chapter 3: Juvenile offenders

    Self-report data vs. official statistics
    Homicides by juveniles
    Juvenile homicide offenders by county
    Self-report survey on offending behavior
    Victimization survey on victimizations committed by juveniles
    Time-of-day analysis of violence by juveniles
    School crime
    High school students and weapons
    Juvenile arrestees and weapons
    Drug and alcohol use
    Trends in drug and alcohol use
    Drug use in relationship to offending
    Juvenile cohort studies of criminal careers
    The cost of juvenile crime
    Chapter 3 sources

Chapter 4: Juvenile justice system structure and process

    History and overview of the juvenile justice system
    U.S. Supreme Court cases and the juvenile justice system
    State definitions of juvenile jurisdiction
    Differences in the juvenile and criminal justice systems
    Juvenile justice system case processing
    Juvenile court proceedings and confidentiality
    State provisions for trying juveniles as adults
    Sentencing structures
    Chapter 4 sources

Chapter 5: Law enforcement and juvenile crime

    Introduction to juvenile arrest data
    Gender, age, and racial variations in juvenile arrests
    Juvenile proportion of arrests
    Juvenile arrest 5- and 10-year trends
    Violent Crime Index arrest rates by State and county
    Violent Crime Index arrest trends
    Violent offense arrest and clearance trends
    Property Crime Index arrest rates by State and county
    Property Crime Index arrest trends
    Property offense arrest and clearance trends
    Predicting juvenile violent crime trends
    Arrest rates for offenses other than Index crimes
    Male and female arrest trends
    Arrests of young juveniles
    Police disposition of juvenile arrests
    Chapter 5 sources

Chapter 6: Juvenile courts and juvenile crime

    Introduction to Juvenile Court Statistics
    Source of referral to juvenile court
    Volume of delinquency cases
    Age variations in delinquency cases
    Gender variations in delinquency cases
    Racial variations in delinquency cases
    Informal case processing
    Formal case processing
    Delinquency case processing
    Status offense cases
    Status offense case processing
    Judicial waiver
    Criminal court case processing of transferred juveniles
    Incarceration of convicted transfers
    Sanctions of transferred juveniles and other under-18 felons
    Prison sentences of transferred juveniles and adults
    New research on juvenile transfers
    Chapter 6 sources

Chapter 7: Juveniles in correctional facilities

    Introduction to custody data
    Juvenile custody rates by State
    Offense profiles for juveniles in custody by State
    Juveniles in custody by type of facility by State
    Disproportionate minority confinement
    Racial variations in juveniles in custody by State
    Racial variations in custody rates by State
    Females in custody
    Length of stay for juveniles in custody
    Security arrangements for juveniles in custody
    Crowding in juvenile custody facilities
    Deinstitutionalization of status offenders
    Jailed juveniles
    Juveniles in adult prisons
    Death penalty
    Chapter 7 sources


The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention is a component of the Office of Justice Programs, which also includes the Bureau of Justice Assistance, the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office for Victims of Crime.

NCJ 178257


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