Young people reentering the community from juvenile residential facilities often lack the support they need to change the course of their lives and avoid the destructive cycle of recidivism. Many struggle to stay in school; others lack the necessary skills to obtain meaningful employment; some may come from troubled or broken families; and many others have substance abuse and mental health problems. OJJDP and the Department of Justice have set a high priority on addressing the multiple needs of these young people by offering services, supervision, and support to help ensure a successful transition.
On November 16, 2009, OJJDP Acting Administrator Jeff Slowikowski served on an educational panel organized to brief House and Senate members on the importance of meeting the needs of juveniles who reenter a community after a period of incarcerationa population consisting of about 100,000 youth a year. Acting Administrator Slowikowski emphasized the agency's commitment to supporting these youth, citing several OJJDP-sponsored programs and initiatives that have helped ex-offender youth find employment, complete education programs, and keep from reoffending.
The panel was organized by the Youth Reentry Task Force of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Coalition, along with the Sentencing Project and the National Alliance to End Homelessness. The task force also released a research report that outlines current findings on juvenile reentry issues.
Second Chance Act Helps Ensure Safe and Successful Reentry
Signed into law on April 9, 2008, the Second Chance Act of 2007 is the first legislation ever enacted authorizing federal grants to government agencies and nonprofit organizations to provide employment assistance, substance abuse treatment, literacy classes, housing, family programming, mentoring, and other services to help reduce recidivism and offer ex-offenders a chance to lead productive lives.
In fiscal year (FY) 2009, $25 million was appropriated to the Office of Justice Programs’ (OJP’s) Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) for the Second Chance Act. BJA made awards to 15 government agencies for adult reentry demonstration projects and 36 nonprofit community and faith-based organizations to provide mentoring and transitional services to adults. OJJDP made awards to 5 government agencies for juvenile reentry demonstration projects and 11 nonprofit community and faith-based organizations to provide mentoring and transitional services to youth.
"This is another step toward the goal of reducing the nationwide recidivism rate and decreasing the billions of dollars spent annually on incarceration," said Mary Lou Leary, OJP’s Acting Assistant Attorney General, in announcing the Second Chance Act grant funding on October 6, 2009. "The Second Chance Act grants are designed to help strengthen communities characterized by large numbers of returning offenders, providing an evidence-based process that begins with initial incarceration and ends with successful community reintegration."
Through a separate solicitation from BJA, Second Chance Act funding also has established the National Reentry Resource Center, the first centralized resource center to serve agencies and organizations that provide reentry programs and services. Launched by the Council of State Governments Justice Center, the resource center will provide communities across the country with the latest information on issues related to reentry, including evidence-based strategies to reduce recidivism and comprehensive resources for training and technical assistance. The center will serve states, tribes, territories, local government, service providers, nonprofit organizations, and adult and juvenile correctional institutions. It will also provide needed training and technical assistance to Second Chance Act grantees (both adults and juveniles) and provide a single point of contact for the many individuals and organizations that are committed to reentry issues.
OJJDP: More Than Two Decades of Commitment to Reentry Issues
On October 28–29, 2009, officials from the Department of Justice (DOJ) and 382 representatives of federally recognized American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) tribes convened in St. Paul, MN, to participate in a DOJ-sponsored Tribal Nations Listening Session. The goal of the session was to allow tribal leaders and senior DOJ officials to discuss the serious crime and public safety challenges in Indian country and collaborate on long-term solutions to these problems.
In his address to the session, Attorney General Eric Holder stressed the importance of improving dialog and partnerships between the federal government and tribal governments. He announced the creation of a Tribal Nations Leadership Council that will meet biannually to coordinate efforts between DOJ and AI/AN governments. The Attorney General also stated that to further facilitate dialog and establish enduring relationships between his office and tribal leaders, he would personally visit several AI/AN communities over "the next year and beyond."
Topics discussed with tribal representatives included seeking support for tribal justice programs, ending violence against women, and implementing and/or sustaining specific programs for tribal youth. Speaking about the violence in tribal communities, Attorney General Holder said:
We must act now to protect youth in Indian country. Violence against children doesn't just impact the child, or the child's family. It devastates entire communities, because it leads to so many other forms of violence. When children witness or experience violence in the home, it affects how they feel, how they act, and how they learn. Without intervention, children who are exposed to violence are at higher risk for school failure, substance abuse, repeat victimization, and, perhaps most tragically, committing violence later in their own lives. . . . And no woman, wherever she lives, should ever be a victim of violence. We must work together to eradicate these twin plagues.
Holder announced the distribution of nearly $400 million in fiscal year 2009 federal grants to support tribal justice initiatives. The funds, awarded to more than 25 programs, include:
Deputy Attorney General David Ogden and Associate Attorney General Tom Perrelli also addressed the session.
Signaling the high priority placed by the entire Administration on addressing the needs of Indian country, President Obama followed up the DOJ Listening Session with a day-long White House Tribal Nations Conference at the U.S. Department of the Interior in Washington, DC, on November 5, 2009. Delivering the opening and closing remarks at the conference, President Obama said, "Today's sessions are part of a lasting conversation that's crucial to our shared future." The event, moderated by Interior Secretary Ken Salazar, featured audience participation in panel discussions on public safety, housing, economic development, and a range of other issues. Top officials who participated in the discussions included the Secretaries of the U.S. Departments of Energy, Commerce, Agriculture, Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education.
OJJDP has a decade-long commitment to serving youth in Indian country. The Office administers the Tribal Youth Program (TYP), which supports tribal efforts to prevent and control delinquency and improve tribal juvenile justice systems for AI/AN youth. Since fiscal year 1999, OJJDP has awarded 321 grants to 299 federally recognized tribes to help them develop and implement culturally sensitive programs in the five following categories: prevention services to impact risk factors for delinquency, interventions for court-involved tribal youth, improvements to the tribal juvenile justice system, alcohol and drug abuse prevention programs, and mental health program services. A report recently released by the American Youth Policy Forum and OJJDP shows how TYP is improving the lives of at-risk youth and strengthening their families in Indian country.
On November 9, 2009, Laurie O. Robinson was sworn in as Assistant Attorney General in the Department of Justice’s Office of Justice Programs (OJP). OJP encompasses OJJDP, the Bureau of Justice Assistance, the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office for Victims of Crime. In addition, OJP has two program offices: the Community Capacity Development Office and the Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and Tracking (SMART).
In her confirmation hearing on October 7, Assistant Attorney General Robinson stressed the importance of facilitating access by the juvenile justice field to OJJDP’s comprehensive resources and information, using evidence-based solutions to juvenile delinquency, and working closely with the Inspector General to ensure good stewardship of taxpayer dollars.
Robinson previously served as the Assistant Attorney General of OJP from 1993 to 2000, the longest tenure of any director in the agency's history. Until her confirmation, she served as director of the master of science program in the University of Pennsylvania's Department of Criminology, a Distinguished Senior Scholar in the University's Jerry Lee Center of Criminology, and Executive Director of the Forum on Crime and Justice.
In a forum celebrating the Office's 35th anniversary, a panel of six former OJJDP administrators—John Rector (1977–79), Ira M. Schwartz (1979–81), Alfred S. Regnery (1983–87), Vernon L. Speirs (1987–89), Robert Sweet (1990–92), and Shay Bilchik (1994–2000)engaged in a wide-ranging discussion about their tenures, key issues in the juvenile justice field, and the future of OJJDP. The forum, which took place on November 10, 2009, at the Charles Sumner School in Washington, DC, was organized by Youth Today, a monthly publication for professionals in the youth service field. More than 150 juvenile justice experts, senior officials, congressional staffers, advocates, and researchers attended the event. Included among the attendees were Laurie Robinson, recently confirmed as Assistant Attorney General for the Office of Justice Programs, and Jeff Slowikowski, Acting OJJDP Administrator.
The Office's Early Years
The forum opened with presentations by former administrators Rector, Schwartz, and Regnery, who reflected on the challenges they faced and the accomplishments of the Office during its early years.
Established by the landmark Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (JJDP) Act of 1974, OJJDP was authorized to award formula grants to help states meet the goals of the Act, which include "core requirements" to ensure the safe and equitable treatment of juveniles in the justice system. John Rector, who had served in the early 1970s as chief counsel on the Senate Judiciary Committee's Subcommittee to Investigate Juvenile Delinquency, was one of the architects of the JJDP Act.
As OJJDP Administrator, Rector worked vigorously to ensure that JJDP Act funds fulfilled the objectives of the Act. "We tried to reflect the provisions of the Act . . . into the reality of the Office." OJJDP was still in the early stages of development, and the lines of authority between the Office and higher levels of the Justice Department were a source of contention—especially at the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA), then OJJDP's parent agency. Rector worked to establish OJJDP as a separate entity with its own policy, legal, and finance staff.
Ira Schwartz cited the 1980 "jail removal" amendment to the JJDP Act as a major accomplishment during his tenure. Reports about the abuse of youth in adult jails had been repeatedly confirmed by research since the enactment of the JJDP Act. At the forum, Schwartz emphasized the importance of innovative and comprehensive research to OJJDP's mission. Schwartz said the passage of the amendment was an example of "a policy that was based on very good data. It was an easy sell [on Capitol Hill] because we had . . . good information."
In the mid-1980s, the focus of the Office—then under the direction of Alfred Regnery—moved to serious offenders and working more closely with the criminal justice system on juvenile issues. "We shifted the emphasis in discretionary grants to those areas," said Regnery. "There were no earmarks [at that time]. . . . I had broad authority to do what I wanted to do." Other accomplishments cited by Regnery included the establishment of the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children—now the nation's primary clearinghouse of information about missing and abducted children—and a National School Safety Center to address crime in the schools.
The Later Years
The second discussion panel featured presentations by former administrators Speirs, Sweet, and Bilchik.
A fundamental mission of OJJDP stipulated in the 1974 JJDP Act was the coordination of federal efforts to address juvenile delinquency. Speirs said his tenure was marked by a commitment to this aspect of the JJDP Act as well as bringing back the more widespread use of systematic procedures for evaluating and awarding grants. He cited among the Office's accomplishments one of the first studies of minors in detention facilities and a conditions of confinement study that had a major national impact. He also stressed the importance of research to developing best practices. He said evidence-based programming was "an emerging issue" as he was leaving OJJDP. "[It] is . . . one of the biggest elements we need to look to in the future," he added.
Robert Sweet said he came to OJJDP "determined . . . to work with the [OJJDP] staff, draw on their knowledge and expertise, their years of service." He committed himself to upholding the mandates of the JJDP Act and objective and fair funding decisions. Carrying out the mandates of the Act proved to be "extremely difficult," Sweet said, on account of "political influences." As a former educator, Sweet said he also focused on the need for literacy and character building. Sweet said illiteracy "was an issue that affected 85 percent of juvenile delinquents. . . .Teaching them to read gives them an opportunity to get a job, be a success in life, and stay out of the system."
Shay Bilchik said he viewed his tenure as Administrator as an opportunity to "lift up the tremendous capacity of the Office, to listen to the field." He said crucial to the success of OJJDP programs is an "Attorney General who supports [the Office], [and an] Administrator who is allowed to be the voice of juvenile justice and . . . who is willing to listen to the field in carrying out that work." Among the achievements of his tenure, Bilchik cited the enforcement of the core protections of the JJDP Act, a commitment to prevention programs, and a focus on children's exposure to violence, alternatives to incarceration, mental health, gender issues, and transfer laws.
Questions and Answers
In question-and-answer sessions following the two sets of presentations, members of the audience engaged in a lively discussion with the former administrators about their perspectives on the Office and important issues facing the juvenile justice field.
One question concerned how best to address the decreases in funding for prevention programs over the last decade. Schwartz said that earmarks "took away a lot of flexibility. . . . [When I was Administrator], there was a lot of flexibility." Bilchik agreed that earmarks pose a serious problem but cautioned, "I also live in the real world. . . . The bigger question . . . is making a commitment through the Administration and the Office of Management and Budget and Congress to fund the Office at the level where it can do its work."
Another topic of discussion was the importance of evidence-based practices and the timely dissemination of information to the field. Speirs said, "Not until the last 7–8 years have we been showing the results of what we're doing, through evidence-based practices. Now we can show a reduction of probation violations by 40 percent. That's what makes decisionmakers decide you're worth investing in." Bilchik agreed. "Previously, we didn't have a voice with the White House, the Office of Management and Budget," he said. "Now we can formulate a strategy and slot the evidence into that strategy."
One audience member asked whether the OJJDP Administrator should continue to be a Presidential appointee. Sweet said this was a "tough issue," alluding to conflicts about decisionmaking authority that have arisen in the past between the Administrator and the Assistant Attorney General—also a Presidential appointee. Speirs supported the concept of a Presidential appointment for the OJJDP chief, saying "If you look at the field of juvenile justice, funding is moving away. The adult system is getting [a lot of] the money. . . . There needs to be a strong federal voice [for juvenile justice issues]."
In response to a question about the role of OJJDP during the reauthorization process, Rector said, "You're in a political context [involving] the Department of Justice, the White House. Once the decision is made, you pull your oar in the same direction as the Administration." Schwartz said he agreed that it was a political process, but "the [OJJDP] Administrator is the manager of the process." Bilchik said the reauthorization process was an opportunity for the Administrator to "talk with congressional staff, the Administration, and the field. The Administrator takes that cacophony to work toward a similar direction.”
Where Are They Now?
Schwartz currently serves as CEO of the Jewish Federation of Greater Philadelphia, Regnery is publisher of The American Spectator, Sweet is President and cofounder of the National Right to Read Foundation, and Bilchik heads the Center for Juvenile Justice Reform at Georgetown University in Washington, DC. Rector and Speirs are retired.
The former OJJDP Administrators' presentations may be viewed in full on Youth Today's OJJDP @ 35 Web site. Youth Today will continue to post new material, including videos of the Q&A sessions; additional documents about OJJDP and the JJDP Act; more summaries of the history of OJJDP and the Act, based on documents and interviews with the key players; and up-to-date information about the current reauthorization of the Act.
On October 28–30, 2009, OJJDP's Girls Study Group (GSG) conducted an Evaluation Technical Assistance Workshop in Chapel Hill, NC. The workshop was designed to equip select organizations with the resources they will need to carry out rigorous evaluations of their gender-responsive delinquency prevention and intervention programs, which are designed specifically to meet the unique needs of girls.
Girls and boys experience many of the same risk factors for delinquency, but they differ in sensitivity to and rate of exposure to these risks. As a result, they often have different programming needs. Established in 2004, the Girls Study Group was convened to study the patterns and causes of female delinquency and to provide scientifically sound and useful guidance on gender-responsive strategies for preventing or reducing girls' involvement in violence and delinquency. A major goal is the identification of programs that have a proven track record in helping girls who have entered or are at risk of entering the juvenile justice system. Comprehensive and accurate evaluations of those programs are essential to determining what strategies work best for girls.
Although there are many unique and much-needed gender-responsive programs currently operating in communities, the technical and financial resources needed to evaluate their effectiveness is limited. The Girls Study Group wanted to be responsive to these programs by organizing a workshop that would meet the specific needs of selected programs.
At the workshop, each of the 10 selected programs was matched with an evaluation expert from RTI International, who tailored instruction specifically to the needs of the program. Each participant left the workshop with a customized practical plan with next steps for their program's evaluation and a renewed commitment to documenting the effectiveness of their programs' ability to prevent or reduce girls' involvement in delinquency. In addition to the customized instruction, there were plenary presentations on evaluation topics that were of interest to all the participating programs.
For more information about GSG, visit GSG's Web site.
For more information about OJJDP's initiatives, visit OJJDP's Girls' Delinquency Web Page.
The hardest-to-solve crime problems usually occur in concentrated places, often termed "hot spots." Research has shown that if law enforcement authorities can pinpoint those locations, they can make them less hospitable to criminals through proactive policing.
Dr. David Weisburd, a distinguished criminologist and leading researcher in the field of hot spots policing, provided an overview of this groundbreaking approach to crime control in an interview with Mary Lou Leary, Acting Assistant Attorney General for the Office of Justice Programs, on October 26, 2009. The discussion, called hot spots Policing and Why It Works," was sponsored by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ).
Dr. Weisburd discussed why geography matters, the techniques for identifying hot spots, and the strategies for using hot spots policing, also known as "placed-based" policing. The seminar examined how the use of intensified patrols in high-crime areas, or hot spots, can reduce the level of crime. Dr. Weisburd said he and his colleagues found that an intensive focus on place will not simply displace crime, but can actually help to lower crime in adjacent areas.
Included among the numerous research studies cited at the seminar was an OJJDP-sponsored study of juvenile crime in Seattle, WA, between 1989 and 2002. Findings from this study are providing the first portrait of the distribution of officially recorded juvenile crime events in smaller geographical areas—such as a favorite gathering place in a mall, restaurant, subway station, or bus station—rather than certain police precincts or beats, the larger areas usually patrolled by police. Dr. Weisburd and his colleagues have found that crime tends to concentrate in discrete areas where youth congregate, and that police resources are used most efficiently when law enforcement focuses specifically on these places to deter crime. OJJDP will release the preliminary findings of the Seattle study in early 2010.
A new needs assessment tool developed by OJJDP's National Training and Technical Assistance Center (NTTAC) promises to provide the most comprehensive and detailed picture to date of the needs of agencies and organizations serving the juvenile justice field. The tool was unveiled at the OJJDP State Relations and Assistance Division's 2009 National Conference, which was held October 2629, 2009, in Austin, TX. OJJDP will use the information to better provide the juvenile justice community with the tools and resources they require to enhance their organizational capacity, and to develop new curricula and training programs that are timely and responsive.
This is an exciting opportunity to hear
the voice of the field.
Acting Administrator, OJJDP
The needs assessment tool is an online self-guided survey that gathers detailed information about the background of respondents, the type of organization they work for, the type of population they serve, their training and technical assistance (TTA) history, their perspectives on emerging issues in juvenile justice, and the types of TTA they would find most helpful.
OJJDP Acting Administrator Jeff Slowikowski has issued an open invitation to the juvenile justice community to complete the needs assessment. It is OJJDP's hope that the assessment will foster greater awareness and understanding of the current issues in the field. A systematic, nationwide assessment such as this provides a rich data set that can inform federal understanding of local needs and help community stakeholders build capacity and sustainability among juvenile justice organizations.
The needs assessment tool also can be used by agencies and organizations in the juvenile justice field to assess their own strengths and weaknesses. The results of the assessment could help agencies more effectively direct existing internal training resources, identify additional funding needs, and create a baseline of the agency's capabilities. Subsequent completions of the assessment would allow the agency to compare performance over time and measure improvement.
In addition to creating the new assessment, OJJDP has enhanced the NTTAC Web site to better serve the juvenile justice field. New site functions have been added to increase traffic to the site and make the information presented more user-friendly. Training and technical assistance resources are displayed prominently at the top of the home page to facilitate access to these services. In addition, the home page offers a new breakdown of OJJDP initiatives and tools so users can quickly identify which are most relevant to them.
All OJJDP publications may be viewed on and downloaded from the publications section of the OJJDP Web site. Print publications also may be ordered online at the National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS) Web site.
This bulletin presents population-based epidemiological information about the characteristics of juvenile offenders who commit sex offenses against minors. The authors analyze data from the FBI's National Incident-Based Reporting System to describe the characteristics of the juvenile sex offender population who have come to the attention of law enforcement. Key findings include:
Findings may support the development of research-based interventions and policies to reduce sexual assault and child molestation as perpetrated by juvenile offenders.
This report—released by OJJDP and the American Youth Policy Forum—shows how OJJDP's Tribal Youth Program (TYP) is empowering Native American youth and reinforcing cultural connections in tribal communities. Established in 1999, OJJDP’s Tribal Youth Program awards grants to American Indian and Alaska Native communities to control delinquency and improve their juvenile justice systems. TYP grantees offer after-school activities for at-risk tribal youth. They focus on building family relationships, providing mental health services, preventing substance abuse, and educating youth about tribal culture. The report presents findings from a series of site visits, focus groups, and individual interviews with staff and community members at TYP sites across the country in 2007 and 2008.
Juvenile Arrests 2008 (Bulletin)
In 2008, juvenile arrests disproportionately involved minorities and females accounted for 30 percent of all juvenile arrests. Overall, there were 3-percent fewer juvenile arrests in 2008 than in 2007, and juvenile arrest rates for violent crimes fell 2 percent, continuing a recent decline. This annual bulletin highlights statistics and trends for juvenile arrests in 2008 compiled by the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Uniform Crime Reporting Program, which gathers crime and arrest statistics from local law enforcement agencies across the country. Other highlights of the bulletin’s findings include an analysis of juvenile murder victims, the total number of juveniles arrested in 2008, and a percentage analysis of juvenile involvement in violent crime by offense.
OJJDP Invites Comments on Proposed Plan for Fiscal Year 2010
On December 1, 2009, OJJDP published for public comment a notice of its Proposed Plan for fiscal year (FY) 2010 in the Federal Register. The plan outlines the discretionary program activities that OJJDP proposes to carry out during FY 2010. Comments may be submitted online (keyword search: "OJJDP Proposed Plan"). Additional instructions for submitting comments are included in the notice. Comments on the Proposed Plan will be accepted until January 15, 2010.
Major League Baseball Ad Pitches Mentoring Programs
As part of its effort to support mentoring nationwide, OJJDP has launched a "Take Me Out to the Ball Game" ad campaign to encourage adults to become mentors by learning about the benefits and availability of mentoring opportunities. The OJJDP ad—expected to reach 3.5 million people—has appeared in the game programs for the 2009 American League Championship Series, the National League Championship Series, and the World Series; the ad also will be placed in the program for the 2010 All-Star game.
OJJDP has long supported mentoring programs because mentoring relationships have been shown to improve youth’s self-esteem, behavior, and academic performance. In addition, mentoring is an effective way to prevent at-risk youth from becoming involved in delinquency and help already-delinquent youth change their lives for the better.
OJJDP Awards Nearly $600 Million in Fiscal Year 2009
In FY 2009, OJJDP provided more than $453 million in grant awards to help at-risk youth, protect children, and improve juvenile justice systems nationwide. Awarded through formula, block, and discretionary funding, these grants support state and community efforts to prevent crime and enhance public safety by focusing on the well-being of our nation's young people. An additional $146 million was awarded under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, commonly referred to as the Recovery Act. A complete list of OJJDP’s FY 2009 awardees is available on the OJJDP Web site.
In an October 26, 2009, interview with Federal News Radio, Robin Delany-Shabazz, the Director of OJJDP's Concentration of Federal Efforts Program, encouraged federal staff to use a new Web site that will help them plan, manage, and sustain comprehensive community initiatives (CCIs)—efforts to improve outcomes for youth and families through systems change.
Launched by the Coordinating Council, the Web site, cciToolsforFeds.org, provides guidelines on developing and supporting CCIs, answers to key questions, tools and resources developed and used by professional experienced with CCIs, and checklists to assist with key activities.
Ms. Delany-Shabazz said that although the site is "designed for Feds by Feds, it also is applicable to anyone who works in these communities or supports comprehensive community initiatives." She urged federal staff to take advantage of this Web resource and to provide the Council with feedback and best practices from the field. The Council recently released a brochure that describes the contents of the Web site and the valuable assistance it offers to federal staff.
Quarterly Meeting. The Council meets quarterly in Washington, DC. Sessions are open to the public. The next Council meeting is scheduled for January 25, 2010. Visit the Council's Web site to learn more about the Council, register to attend the upcoming meeting, and read minutes from past meetings.
The Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention is an independent body within the executive branch of the federal government. The Council's primary functions are to coordinate federal juvenile delinquency prevention programs, federal programs and activities that detain or care for unaccompanied juveniles, and federal programs relating to missing and exploited children.
The Council is made up of 18 members, including 9 ex officio membersthe Attorney General; the Secretaries of the Departments of Justice, Education, Health and Human Services, Housing and Urban Development, and Labor; the Assistant Secretary of Immigration and Customs Enforcement in the Department of Homeland Security; the Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy; and the Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation for National and Community Service. An additional nine members are juvenile justice practitioners appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the Senate Majority Leader, and the President of the United States.
FACJJ Quarterly Meeting. The Federal Advisory Committee on Juvenile Justice (FACJJ) held its fall Quarterly Meeting on October 29–31, 2009, in Austin, TX. The meeting included presentations on law enforcement approaches to disproportionate minority contact with the juvenile justice system, roundtable discussions with OJJDP leadership on key issues, a review of the effects of these key issues on states, FACJJ members' recommendations as to how best to address those impacts, and a discussion of options for a future FACJJ. FACJJ meetings are open to the public; anyone may register to attend and observe. Additional information is available on FACJJ's Web site.
2009 Annual Report. FACJJ has published its 2009 Annual Report to the President and Congress. The report addresses significant issues facing the nation's juvenile justice system. Primary among FACJJ’s concerns is the need to reauthorize the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act.
The Federal Advisory Committee on Juvenile Justice is a consultative body established by the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 2002 and supported by OJJDP. Composed of representatives nominated by the Governors of the states and territories and the mayor of the District of Columbia, the committee advises the President and Congress on matters related to juvenile justice, evaluates the progress and accomplishments of juvenile justice activities and projects, and advises the OJJDP Administrator on the work of OJJDP.