A recent OJJDP-funded study, the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV), concluded that a majority of children in the United States have been exposed to violence, crime, or abuse in their homes, schools, and communities. Children's exposure to violence, whether as victims or witnesses, is often associated with long-term physical, psychological, and emotional harm. Children exposed to violence are also at a higher risk of engaging in criminal behavior later in life and becoming part of a cycle of violence.
To address this serious issue, Attorney General Eric Holder on September 23, 2010, announced Defending Childhood, a new $5.5-million initiative which aims to prevent exposure to violence, mitigate the negative effects experienced by children exposed to violence, and develop knowledge about and spread awareness of this issue. The initiative fosters a comprehensive, coordinated, and collaborative approach to developing evidence-based practices. It will involve public and private partners and leverage federal resources and funding within the Department of Justice (DOJ) and throughout the government. President Obama's budget request for 2011 proposes increasing funding for the initiative to $37 million.
"For me, the issue of children's exposure to violence has been both a personal and professional concern for decades. As our nation's Attorney General and as a parent, it remains a top priority," said Attorney General Holder.
As Deputy Attorney General in 1999, Mr. Holder launched OJJDP's Safe Start initiative to broaden knowledge about and promote community investment in evidence-based strategies for reducing the impact of children's exposure to violence. The initiative's Safe Start Center serves as a national resource for information and training to communities implementing these strategies.
A key component of the Defending Childhood initiative is a two-phase, multiyear demonstration program. Phase I includes planning grants for eight demonstration sites announced September 23, 2010. In phase II, up to four communities will be selected from the initial eight to receive funding for further implementation of their plans. This program supports the development of comprehensive community-based strategies to prevent and reduce the impact of children's exposure to violence in their homes, schools, and communities.
The eight demonstration sites are:
The grantees will work in collaboration with other local organizations, including victim service providers, tribal nonprofit organizations, and community-based organizations with a documented history of effectiveness concerning children exposed to domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking.
The DOJ funding will help grantees to:
In addition to the demonstration program grants, DOJ is committing additional funding for research, evaluation, public awareness, and partnerships related to the initiative. The other awards include:
In addition to OJJDP, the DOJ offices involved in the Defending Childhood initiative are the Office of Justice Programs' Office for Victims of Crime, the National Institute of Justice, the Bureau of Justice Statistics, and the Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and Tracking; the Office on Violence Against Women; and the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services. In April 2010, the Department of Health and Human Services and the Department of Education joined the initiative as partners. Other federal agencies will be invited to join the initiative in the coming months.
What We Know About Children's Exposure to Violence
In interviews conducted between January and May 2008, by the University of New Hampshire's Crimes against Children Research Center for the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence, researchers found that in the past year
Detailed information about grants awarded in each of the above categories is available at the Defending Childhood initiative's Web site. To learn more about the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence, go to the University of New Hampshire's Crimes against Children Research Center Web site. Also see OJJDP's bulletin, Children's Exposure to Violence: A Comprehensive National Survey.
The September 24, 2010, meeting of the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention featured presentations on a broad range of topics, including update reports from Coordinating Council teams examining federal practice in four priority areas; Missouri's award-winning program for rehabilitating juvenile offenders; current efforts to reform New Orleans' criminal and juvenile justice systems; and OJJDP research. The meeting was chaired by Associate Attorney General Tom Perrelli.
In his opening remarks, Mr. Perrelli briefly described the Defending Childhood initiative recently launched by Attorney General Eric Holder to prevent, address, reduce, and more fully understand childhood exposure to violence. The initiative includes demonstration programs, research, and evaluation activities that are designed to develop best practices for addressing this serious national problem. Mr. Perrelli noted that two of the eight demonstration sites are in Indian country. "It is very important to us that tribal areas be a focus of our efforts to address children's exposure to violence," he said. For more information on the Defending Childhood initiative, see the article entitled "Attorney General Announces $5.5-Million Initiative To Address Children's Exposure to Violence" in this issue of OJJDP News @ a Glance.
Following are other highlights of the Coordinating Council meeting:
Recommendations for Enhancing Federal Practice
Teams staffed by the Council's member agencies presented preliminary recommendations for enhancing federal practice in four areas: education and at-risk youth, tribal youth and juvenile justice, juvenile reentry and transition to adulthood, and racial and/or ethnic disparities in the juvenile justice system and related systems.
Since the Council identified these priority areas at its January 2010 meeting, the teams have been analyzing policies, legislation, regulations, and practices that foster as well as hinder achievement of federal goals in partnership with states, tribes, and units of local government. Selected preliminary recommendations that resulted from the analysis were shared with the Council. Approved recommendations will be incorporated into the Council's 2010 annual report to Congress.
Improving Outcomes for Delinquent Youth
Since the early 1970s, Missouri's Division of Youth Services (DYS) has been increasing public safety through innovative approaches that emphasize rehabilitation rather than measures that control, punish, and isolate juvenile offenders. The Missouri juvenile justice system uses small residential treatment centers with homelike settings that offer the experience of community life, a structured environment, treatment, and many opportunities for family involvement. Explaining the philosophy of the program, DYS' director, Tim Decker, said, "We believe that youth at the end of the day want to be successful.... We are [using]... approaches that bring about internal change, not just compliance."
Mr. Decker emphasized that there is a compelling "public safety argument" for programs such as the Missouri model. Three years after discharge, 93 percent of DYS youth have avoided further incarceration, and 67 percent have avoided further involvement with the juvenile justice system or adult corrections. More than 86 percent of DYS youth are productively involved in their communities through school or work. Eighty percent earn high school credits, compared to 50 percent nationally. Thirty percent earn a GED or high-school diploma, compared to 11 percent nationally. And 40 percent successfully return to their local school district, compared to 20 percent nationally.
In 2008, the Missouri program won the Annie E. Casey Innovations in American Government Award in Children and Family System Reform from Harvard's Kennedy School of Government. DYS has hosted visits from juvenile justice officials from more than 25 states who are interested in the program's therapeutic approaches, successful outcomes, and cost-effectiveness.
Championing Reform in New Orleans
When he became mayor of New Orleans in May 2010, Mitch Landrieu continued his longstanding commitmentpreviously as Lieutenant Governor and as a state representativeto improve the criminal and juvenile justice systems in Louisiana.
In the last several months, he has initiated a community-led, national search for a new chief of police and reorganized the police department so there are fewer officers behind desks and more on the streets. With the goal of fostering transparency and accountability, the mayor also has opened numerous police department meetings to the public, held public meetings in every district, and each month joins the chief of police on crime walks across the city.
Landrieu's presentation at the Council meeting encompassed a broad range of subjects, with a focus on initiatives to improve the juvenile justice system. He discussed efforts to ensure that youth are separated from adults in the justice system and to reduce the number of young people who enter the juvenile system for status offenses as a result of schools' zero-tolerance policies. He cautioned against social services, education, and juvenile justice agencies working "in silos" and emphasized the importance of integrating services and programs. Landrieu has launched a new program focused on prevention and rehabilitation measures coupled with wraparound services to support the city's youth and families.
OJJDP is currently working with other components of the Justice Department, including the United States Attorney's Office for the Eastern District of Louisiana, the Office of Justice Programs, the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, and the Office on Violence Against Women, to assist the city of New Orleans in developing a sustainable cultural change in its juvenile and criminal justice systems. The working group, with local officials, is developing a strategic plan to reform the city's juvenile justice system and providing training and technical assistance to staff at the city's detention center.
Overview: OJJDP Research Program
OJJDP staff described the Office's mission to provide national leadership, coordination, and resources to prevent and respond to juvenile delinquency and victimization. The Office currently has 56 active grants, cooperative agreements, contracts, and interagency agreements supporting research, evaluation, and statistics activities. Staff reported that there were 21 new research awards in fiscal year 2010. Plans for the coming months include the launching of a new Web page that will offer information about all of OJJDP's active research projects.
Understanding the Why's Behind Juvenile Crime Trends
Dr. Jeffrey A. Roth, principal investigator in an OJJDP research project that aims to deepen understanding of the factors associated with the drop in juvenile crime since the middle 1990s, presented some of the study's major findings. Researchers have found that the greatest reduction occurred in crimes that youth committed in pairs or groups, a process known as "co-offending." Participation in religious and volunteer organizations, the shift in the drug market from the sale of crack cocaine to marijuana, and a reduction in the use of guns were all positively correlated with the decrease in violent crime. On the other hand, exposure to violence and childhood abuse and neglect were found to be highly correlated with juvenile crime. Researchers also found that crime is extremely concentrated in small geographical areas such as individual street blocks, an argument in favor of "hot spots" policing, which targets prevention and intervention efforts to discrete locations in the community.
OJJDP expects the lessons learned from this inquiry to yield a number of tools that federal, state, and local policymakers and planners can use to anticipate, monitor, and explain future trends and plan effective prevention and intervention strategies.
For more than 10 years, OJJDP has partnered with NEA to support arts programs that help steer at-risk youth away from delinquency and reintegrate juvenile offenders back into the community. One such program, Will Power to Youth, hires young people to produce, adapt, and perform a Shakespeare play during the summer. The 7-week session brings local youth together with professional artists who, in addition to their roles as teachers and drama directors, often serve as mentors. Students explore thematic issues in Shakespeare's plays and learn about the artistic and mechanical aspects of staging a play.
In Richmond, VAone of the sites participating in OJJDP's Gang Reduction Program—teenagers studied Romeo and Juliet during the summer of 2007 and performed an adaptation of the play set in Richmond's Jackson Ward neighborhood during the 1930s. The youth designed the period costumes and the stage sets. In the process of planning the production, they gained professional skills in the arts and increased their knowledge about the history of their community. Created by Shakespeare Festival/LA, Will Power to Youth is widely recognized for its effectiveness in combating truancy, dropping out of school, violence, and unemployment.
OJJDP funding through the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention has also made possible the recent expansion of NEA's Shakespeare for a New Generation program to support performances and educational activities targeted to youth involved with the juvenile justice system in six locations around the country.
Following are descriptions of how several theater companies have been reaching out to youth with innovative activities and programming:
Acting OJJDP Administrator
Mural Arts Program Transforms Lives, Enriches Communities
Since 2008, OJJDP has funded the City of Philadelphia's Mural Arts Program (MAP), the largest public arts program in the country. MAP pairs artists with underserved, at-risk, and adjudicated youth to create murals that transform public spaces in a way that reflects the community's culture and history.
OJJDP funding supports MAP's Restorative Justice project, which provides art instruction, mural making, and community service to youth in the juvenile justice system. With professional artists serving as teachers and mentors; inmates, ex-offenders, and juvenile delinquents are offered the opportunity to develop not only vocational skills, but also life skills such as teamwork, problem solving, conflict-resolution, and community engagement. A major goal of this effort is to build a foundation for youth's successful reentry into their communities.
OJJDP is assisting MAP in expanding its restorative justice program to delinquent youth from Saint Gabriels Hall (Audubon, PA), Glen Mills School (Glen Mills, PA), and VisionQuest (Philadelphia). Thus far, the youth have completed two murals: "Sacred Spaces" and "Love? Speak for Me," which explores the theme of preventing dating violence. MAP plans to partner with Temple University’s Criminal Justice Department to provide youth reentering their communities with mentors who can expose them to the possibilities of education, including college. The success of MAP in these three locations will be measured by tracking rates of reoffending and rearrest, program attendance, community service hours, and youth enrollment in other MAP programs.
Since 1984, MAP has created more than 3,000 murals and works of public art. The program engages more than 100 communities each year in the transformation of neighborhoods through the mural-making process.
There are few things more difficult to understand than the sexual victimization of a child. These crimes are committed by both family members and strangers and range from inappropriate touching to sexual assault and rape. Although sexual abuse of youth is not a new problem, access to the Internet and the proliferation of communications technology have changed the way predators target youth and changed the kinds of risks youth face.
Since the early 1990s, the registration of sex offenders and public notification of their presence in communities have emerged as important tools for monitoring convicted sex offenders and preventing their continued victimization of others. In 2006, Congress passed the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act (AWA), which strengthened federal laws to protect children and vulnerable adults from sexual and other violent crimes, prevent child pornography, and make the Internet safer for children.
Title I of the Act, the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (SORNA), provides a comprehensive set of minimum standards for sex offender registration and notification in the United States. SORNA aims to close potential gaps and loopholes that existed under previous law and generally strengthens the nationwide network of sex offender registration and notification programs.
Section 146 of AWA established the Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering and Tracking (SMART Office), which oversees and supports the nation's efforts to improve sex offender registration and management. Located in the U.S. Department of Justice's Office of Justice Programs, the SMART Office
For more information on the SMART Office, visit its Web site.
More than 7,500 events will be held across America to raise awareness of the importance of afterschool programs and the positive role they can play. On October 21, New York's Empire State Building will be lit up in yellow to mark Lights On Afterschool.
More than a million people across the United States will participate in street fairs, open houses, fun runs, science and math competitions, community parades, and more to celebrate Lights On Afterschool, the only nationwide rally for afterschool programs. The event is sponsored by the Afterschool Alliance, a nonprofit public awareness and advocacy organization.
"Afterschool programs keep children safe and inspire them to learn," said Jeff Slowikowski, OJJDP's Acting Administrator. "Unfortunately, too many children are home alone in the afternoons or out on the streets where they can be exposed to crime or engage in dangerous behaviors."
More than 14 million children have no place to go after school. Two-thirds of Americans say that it is difficult to find programs in their communities and that not enough programs are available. Studies have shown that children participating in afterschool programs demonstrate increased school attendance and enhanced academic achievement. Afterschool programs also reduce juvenile offending, while promoting public safety and positive child development.
To register for an event or to find out what is going on in your area on October 21, visit the Lights On Afterschool Web site.
Justice Department Awards $127 Million To Improve Tribal Public Safety and Criminal Justice
On September 15, 2010, Associate Attorney General Tom Perrelli announced that the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) will award almost $127 million to support the public safety initiatives of federally recognized tribes. The grants will enhance law enforcement, bolster justice systems, prevent youth substance abuse, serve sexual assault and elder victims, and support other efforts to combat crime. These grants are the first under the Coordinated Tribal Assistance Solicitation (CTAS), a new effort combining 10 different DOJ grant programs into a single solicitation.
"Today, we take another major step toward true nation-to-nation collaboration," said Perrelli. "CTAS is not only a more streamlined grant-making process, it is part of the department's broader strategy of increased engagement with tribal communities across a broad range of areas."
The complete list of the fiscal year 2010 CTAS grantees is available at DOJ's Tribal Justice and Safety Web site. To read Associate Attorney General Perrelli's remarks in full, visit the DOJ Web site.
Office of Justice Programs Announces Funding for Mentoring and Enforcing Underage Drinking Laws Programs
On September 15, 2010, DOJ's Office of Justice Programs (OJP) announced $60 million in discretionary awards to leading national organizations to strengthen, expand, and implement youth-mentoring activities and youth-development programming throughout the nation. An additional $37 million in grants to local mentoring organizations were awarded in fiscal year 2010. These grants are administered by OJJDP. The $60 million in discretionary funds were awarded to the following organizations:
Boys & Girls Clubs of America$40 million.
Big Brothers Big Sisters of America$10 million.
National Association of Police Athletic/Activities Leagues, Inc.$5 million.
National 4-H Council Program Operations$5 million.
For more information about these awards, visit OJP's Web site.
In addition, the Office announced more than $20 million in grants to enforce state and local underage drinking laws nationwide. The grant awards support law enforcement, public education, and coalition-building activities to address underage access to and consumption of alcohol. The announcement was made at OJJDP's 12th Annual National EUDL Leadership Conference, held on August 1820, 2010, in Anaheim, CA.
All fiscal year 2010 awards will be posted on the OJJDP Web site in the coming weeks.
OJJDP and National Academy of Sciences To Assess Juvenile Justice Reform
With funding from OJJDP, the National Academy of Sciences will conduct a 2-year study to assess the impact of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974, as amended, and its core requirements on juvenile justice policies and practices. The committee overseeing the Assessing Juvenile Justice Reform project held its first public meeting on August 45, 2010, in Washington, DC. Jeff Slowikowski, OJJDP Acting Administrator; Melodee Hanes, Deputy Administrator for Policy; and other OJJDP staff addressed the session.
OJJDP Invites Manuscripts for Upcoming Journal of Juvenile Justice
Authors are invited to submit manuscripts for consideration for publication in the first two issues of the journal scheduled for release in 2011. Proposed articles may address a range of juvenile justice-related issues, such as delinquency prevention, intervention and treatment, and juvenile victimization. Readers are anticipated to include researchers, clinicians, practitioners, administrators, policy analysts, educators, and students.
2010 PbS Barbara Allen-Hagen Awards Presented
The Council of Juvenile Corrections Administrators (CJCA) presented awards to three juvenile justice facilities for excellence in implementing Performance-based Standards (PbS) for Youth Correction and Detention Facilities. PbS is a system for agencies and facilities to identify, monitor, and improve conditions and treatment services provided to incarcerated youth using national standards and outcome measures. The PbS award was presented at the third annual CJCA Leadership Conference on October 1, 2010, in Chicago, IL. The winners were the Loysville Youth Development Center (PA), the New Haven Juvenile Detention Center (CT), and the Coastal Evaluation Center (SC).
Launched by OJJDP in 1995, the PbS system provides a set of goals and standards for individual facilities and agencies, tools to help facilities achieve these standards through regular self-assessment and self-improvement, reports that allow facilities to evaluate performance over time and in comparison to similar facilities, and promotion and sharing of effective practices and support among facilities. Facilities work with PbS consultants to identify areas that need improvement and then develop and implement a detailed improvement plan.
The award is named after Barbara Allen-Hagen, who, during her 30-year tenure at OJJDP, was instrumental in the design and development of the PbS system. PbS was one of five recipients of the 2004 Innovations in American Government Award from the Ash Institute for Democratic Governance and Innovation at Harvard University and the Council for Excellence in Government.
OJJDP Training Day: October 22, 2010
OJJDP's State Relations and Assistance Division will hold a 1-day training for key state agency staff responsible for implementing the federal juvenile justice grant programs administered by OJJDP and maintaining compliance with the core protections of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act. The training is targeted for new Juvenile Justice Specialists, Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC) Coordinators, and new Compliance Monitors.
Bullying Prevention Webinar: October 27, 2010
OJJDP will host a Bullying Prevention Webinar as a followup event to the recent Federal Partners in Bullying Prevention summit in Washington, DC. The Webinar, scheduled for October 27, 2010, will enable summit participants and other professionals in the field to recapture the information shared at the summit and to expand their knowledge on how to effectively deal with issues associated with bullying and cyberbullying. The Webinar will serve as a free training tool for practitioners throughout the country.
The Federal Partners in Bullying Prevention summit was held in Washington, DC, on August 1112, 2010. The summit was jointly organized by the U.S. Departments of Education, Justice, Health and Human Services, Defense, Agriculture, and the Interior; and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The summit brought together professionals involved in helping to prevent and reduce bullying and cyberbullying in schools and communities across the country. Researchers, practitioners, federal officials, members of faith-based organizations, and youth attended. Speakers included Arne Duncan, Secretary of the Department of Education; Tom Perrelli, Associate Attorney General; and Dr. Regina M. Benjamin, Surgeon General of the United States.
International Bullying Prevention Association's Seventh Annual Conference: November 1517, 2010
This conference, "Challenge and Promise of the Cyberworld: Bullying Prevention in the Age of the Internet," will showcase and present current evidence-based practices and resources that will help school personnel and community practitioners to create safe schools and neighborhoods that are free from bullying. The conference, which will take place in Seattle, WA, will cover a broad range of issues, including cyberbullying, cyberthreats, sexting, online aggression, and youth risk online. Although many of the sessions and panels will focus on the Internet, there will also be sessions on the prevention of traditional bullying. The conference will bring together educators, medical and mental health professionals, policymakers, law enforcement officers, attorneys, researchers, parents, college students, school board members, prevention specialists, and others.
22nd Annual National Dropout Prevention Conference: November 1417, 2010
"From Rhetoric to Action: Ready, Set, Graduate!" will focus on ideas, proven programs, and research in the areas of transitioning from middle school to high school, parental involvement, urban education, best practices in multiple pathways to graduation, extended learning opportunities, legislative affairs, early warning indicators, career and technical education, and literacy strategies. Attendees will include juvenile justice professionals, school personnel, and other practitioners involved in the field of delinquency prevention. The conference, organized by the National Dropout Prevention Network, will take place in Philadelphia, PA.
SAMHSA Meeting To Promote Effective Juvenile Substance Abuse Treatment: December 1416, 2010
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) will hold its annual Joint Meeting on Adolescent Treatment Effectiveness (JMATE) in Baltimore, MD. Cosponsored by OJJDP and other SAMHSA partners, JMATE seeks to enhance adolescent substance abuse treatment and recovery by providing a forum for the exchange of information among researchers, practitioners, youth and their families, policymakers, and community members. The theme of the 2010 JMATE is "Synergy EnvisionedAction Inspired."
Save the Date: OJJDP National Conference in October 2011
On October 1014, 2011, OJJDP will hold a national conference at the Gaylord National Resort & Convention Center in Oxon Hill, MD. The conference will bring together juvenile justice practitioners and policymakers from across the nation to share current trends and promising practices in the juvenile justice field. More information will be forthcoming in futures issues of OJJDP News @ a Glance.
All OJJDP publications may be viewed and downloaded on the publications section of the OJJDP Web site. Print publications also may be ordered online at the National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS) Web site.
Originally published in 2008, this updated report provides communities considering implementing the comprehensive gang model with critical information to guide their efforts. It describes the research that produced the model; outlines best practices obtained from practitioners with years of experience in planning, implementing, and overseeing variations of the model in their communities; and presents essential findings from evaluations of several programs that demonstrate the success of the model in a variety of environments. Updates include excerpts from a final report on findings from the evaluation of OJJDP's Gang Reduction Program.
To order a printed copy, visit the NCJRS Web site.
Gang Prevention: An Overview of Research and Programs
According to the latest National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, approximately 8 percent of youth were gang members at some point between ages 12 and 17. As part of its comprehensive anti-gang initiative, OJJDP sponsors research and evaluation and disseminates the findings to inform local prevention and intervention strategies. This bulletin presents an overview of U.S. gang research and programs and takes a look at how gangs form and why youth join them. It describes how communities may assess their gang problems and notes promising prevention and intervention strategies to address them.
The Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention met on September 24, 2010, at the headquarters of the U.S. Department of Justice's Office of Justice Programs. Highlights from the meeting included reports from issue teams assessing federal practice in four priority areas: education and at-risk youth, tribal youth and juvenile justice, juvenile reentry and transition to adulthood, and racial and/or ethnic disparities in the juvenile justice system and related systems. For more information about the Council meeting, please read the article entitled "Associate Attorney General Perrelli Chairs Coordinating Council Meeting" in this issue.
The Council meets quarterly in Washington, DC. Sessions are open to the public. Visit the Council's Web site to learn more about the Council and read minutes from past meetings.
The Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention is an independent body within the executive branch of the federal government operated under the Federal Advisory Committee Act. The Council's primary functions are to coordinate federal juvenile delinquency prevention programs, federal programs and activities that detain or care for unaccompanied juveniles, and federal programs relating to missing and exploited children.
The Council is made up of 22 members13 ex officio and affiliate members and nine practitioners. The ex officio members are: the Attorney General; the Administrator of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention; the Secretaries of the U.S. Departments of Education, Health and Human Services (HHS), Housing and Urban Development, and Labor; the Assistant Secretary of Immigration and Customs Enforcement in the U.S. Department of Homeland Security; the Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy; and the Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation for National and Community Service. Affiliate members are the Secretaries of the U.S. Departments of Agriculture, Defense, and the Interior, and the Administrator of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration of HHS. The nine juvenile justice practitioner members are appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the Senate Majority Leader, and the President of the United States.
The Committee's meetings are open to the public; anyone may register to attend and observe. Additional information is available on FACJJ's Web site.
The Federal Advisory Committee on Juvenile Justice is a consultative body established by the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (Section 223) and supported by OJJDP. Composed of representatives nominated by the Governors of the states and territories and the mayor of the District of Columbia, the committee advises the President and Congress on matters related to juvenile justice, evaluates the progress and accomplishments of juvenile justice activities and projects, and advises the OJJDP Administrator on the work of OJJDP.