Table of Contents

List of Tables

    Table 1 Counting Cities and Counties in Three Situations

    Table 2 Changes in Numbers and Percentages of Gang Counties Compared With All U.S. Counties, 1970-95

    Table 3 Changes in Numbers and Percentages of Gang Cities Compared With All U.S. Cities, 1970-95

    Table 4 Changes in Populations of Gang Cities Compared With All U.S. Cities, 1970-95

    Table 5 Changes in Populations of Gang Counties Compared With All U.S. Counties, 1970-95

    Table 6 Types of Gang Locality, 1970's Through 1995

    Table 7 Cities Reporting Gang Problems in the 1970's and Not in the 1990's

    Table 8 New Gang Cities, 1970-95, by State

    Table 9 Changes in Numbers of Gang Cities, 1970's Through 1995

    Table 10 New Gang Counties, 1970-95, by State

    Table 11 Changes in Numbers of Gang Counties in States With Gang Counties in the 1970's

    Table 12 Counties With More Than Five Gang Cities in 1995, by Number of Gang Cities per County

    Table 13 Counties With More Than Five Gang Cities in 1995, by Rate of Gang Cities per 1 Million Population

    Table 14 Number of Gang Cities per Region in 1995

    Table 15 Gang-City Trends, 1970's Through 1995, by Region

    Table 16 Gang-City Trends and Population, 1970's Through 1995, by Region

    Table 17 Gang-City Trends, by Division

    Table 18 Gang Cities in the 1970's and 1995, by Population Category

    Table 19 Numbers and Percentages of Gang Cities With Populations Falling Below Designated Population Levels in the 1970's and 1995

    Table 20 Comparison of Numbers and Populations of Gang Cities Versus All U.S. Cities in the 1970's, by Population Category

    Table 21 Comparison of Numbers and Populations of Gang Cities Versus All U.S. Cities in the 1990's, by Population Category

    Table 22 Comparison of Numbers and Populations of the Available Pool of Gang-Free Cities Versus All U.S. Cities in the 1990's, by Population Category

    Table 23 Available Pool of Gang-Free Cities Compared With Cumulative Numbers and Populations of All U.S. Cities in the 1990's, by Population Category

    Table 24 Available Pool of Gang-Free Cities in 1995, by Population Category

    Table 25 Sources of Identified Gang Cities Not Reported Before 1996

    Table 26 New Gang Cities, 1970-98, by State

    Table 27 Decade Changes in Numbers, Percentages, and Magnitudes of Change of New Gang Cities

    Table 28 New Gang Counties, 1970-98, by State

    Table 29 Gang-City Trends, 1970's Through 1998, by Region

    Table 30 Gang Cities in the 1970's and 1998, by Population Category

    Table 31 Comparison of Numbers and Populations of Gang Cities Versus All U.S. Cities in 1998, by Population Category

    Table 32 States With Highest Percentage Increases in Number of Gang Cities, 1996-98

    Table A-1 Data Sources, by Phase

    Table A-2 Printed Reports Containing Lists of Names of Localities With Youth Gang Problems (Unrestricted Circulation)

    Table A-3 Printed Reports Containing Lists of Names of Localities With Youth Gang Problems (Restricted Circulation)

    Table A-4 Media Sources in the 1970's

    Table A-5 Media Sources in the 1980's

    Table A-6 Media Sources in the 1990's

    Table A-7 Explanation of Locality Record Field Abbreviations

List of Figures

    Figure 1 U.S. Localities Reporting Gang Problems Any Time Between 1970 and 1995

    Figure 2 Populations of U.S. Localities Reporting Gang Problems Between 1970 and 1995

    Figure 3 New Gang Counties in the United States in the 1970's, 1980's, and 1990-95

    Figure 4 Cumulative Number of Gang Counties in the United States, 1970-95, by Decade

    Figure 5 New Gang Cities in the United States in the 1970's, 1980's, and 1990's

    Figure 6 Cumulative Number of Gang Cities in the United States, 1970-95, by Decade

    Figure 7 Comparison of the Magnitude of Change in Number of Gang Localities in 1970-95, by Category

    Figure 8 Number of Gang Cities in 1995, by State

    Figure 9 Top 10 Gang-City States in 1995

    Figure 10 Top 10 Gang-City States, 1970's Through 1995, by Magnitude of Change

    Figure 11 Number of Gang Counties in 1995, by State

    Figure 12 Top 10 Gang-County States in 1995

    Figure 13 Top 10 Gang-County States, 1970's Through 1995, by Magnitude of Change

    Figure 14 Top 10 Gang-City Counties in 1995, by Number of Cities Reporting Gangs in Each County

    Figure 15 Regions and Divisions of the United States

    Figure 16 Number of Gang Cities in 1995, by Region

    Figure 17 Gang-City Trends, 1970's Through 1995, by Region

    Figure 18 Percentage of Gang Cities in the 1970's and 1990's, by Population Category

    Figure 19 Magnitude of Change in the Number of Gang Cities, 1970's Through 1995, by Population Category

    Figure 20 New Gang Cities in the United States in the 1970's, 1980's, and 1990-98

    Figure 21 New Gang Counties in the United States in the 1970's, 1980's, and 1990-98

    Figure 22 Comparison of New Gang Counties in the United States in the 1970's, 1980's, and 1990's

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The Growth of Youth Gang Problems in the United States: 1970-98 OJJDP Report
April 2001