Appendix C: Research-Related
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Web Site
OJJDPs Web site is designed to provide users with information and links to resources on general topics of interest in the juvenile justice and delinquency prevention fieldincluding conferences, funding opportunities, and new publicationsand on OJJDPs Comprehensive Strategy for Serious, Violent, and Chronic Juvenile Offenders, which provides a framework within which communities can combat juvenile crime. Resources from OJJDPs Research and Program Development Division are interspersed throughout the site.
OJJDPs site includes eight main pages:
The OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book includes detailed information on juvenile crime and victimization and on youth involved in the juvenile justice system. Data in the following content areas provide timely and reliable statistical answers to the most frequently asked questions of policymakers, members of the media, and the general public: population characteristics, juvenile arrests, juveniles as victims and offenders, and juveniles in court and in corrections. Data analysis and dissemination tools available through the Briefing Book give users quick and easy access to detailed statistics on a variety of juvenile justice topics. Among these online tools are the Easy Access series and the Juvenile Court Data Archive. The National Center for Juvenile Justice developed and maintains the OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book Web documents.
Easy Access is a family of electronic databases developed for OJJDP by the National Center for Juvenile Justice to give a larger audience access to recent, detailed information on juvenile crime and the juvenile justice system.
Easy Access to Juvenile Populations. Available online at www.ojjdp.ncjrs.org/ojstatbb/ezapop.
Includes juvenile population estimates derived from two data files prepared by the U.S. Bureau of the Census. The first provides annual estimates at the county level of the number of males and females in a single age group residing in the county on July 1 of the calendar years from 1990 to 1999. The second provides annual estimates of the resident population at the county level in 5-year age groups subdivided by sex, race, and Hispanic ethnicity.
Easy Access to Juvenile Court Statistics 19891998. Available online at www.ojjdp.ncjrs.org/ojstatbb/ezajcs98.
Enables researchers, students, and juvenile justice professionals to analyze the large database that underlies the annual Juvenile Court Statistics reports. Demographic, offense, and case processing variables are included, allowing users to develop detailed descriptions of the delinquency cases processed in the Nations juvenile courts. Results are presented in tabular and graphic formats and can be stored in output files that can be easily read by spreadsheet or word processing packages.
Easy Access to State and County Juvenile Court Case Counts 1997. Available online at www.ojjdp.ncjrs.org/ojstatbb/ezaco/.
Uses data provided to the National Juvenile Court Data Archive by State and county agencies responsible for collecting and/or disseminating information on the processing of youth in juvenile courts. Displays summary counts of petitioned and nonpetitioned delinquency, status, and dependency caseloads by reporting jurisdictions.
Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement: 1997 Databook. Available online at www.ojjdp.ncjrs.org/ojstatbb/cjrp97/openpage.asp.
Allows users to access data from the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP) quickly and easily without using statistical analysis software. Data relate to juvenile detention, corrections, and placement.
The following Easy Access programs will be available online in the near future:
Easy Access to FBI Arrest Statistics, 19941998. Available online at http://ojjdp.ncjrs.org/ojstatbb/ezaucr/.
Presents national, State, and county estimates of juvenile and adult arrests, rates, and trends for the FBIs Crime Index offenses. Results can be saved to a print file for easy insertion in other documents.
Easy Access to the FBIs Supplementary Homicide Reports: 19801998. Available online at www.ojjdp.ncjrs.org/ojstatbb/ezashr/.
Explores variations and trends in State and national homicide victim and offender profiles. Allows users to receive immediate answers to questions about age, sex, race, weapon, and victim-offender relationship. Results are presented in tabular and graphic formats and can be stored in output files that can be easily read by spreadsheet or word processing packages.
Collects, stores, and analyzes data about young people referred to U.S. courts for delinquency and status offenses. Juvenile and family courts across the country voluntarily provide the archive with demographic information about juveniles involved in delinquency and status offense cases, the reasons for their referral to court, and the courts response (e.g., whether the youth were adjudicated, given probation, ordered to pay restitution, or placed in a correctional facility). These data are used to develop national estimates of the delinquency and status offense cases handled by U.S. courts with jurisdiction over juveniles. The data also form the basis for OJJDPs annual Juvenile Court Statistics Report, which includes the most detailed information available on youth involved in the juvenile justice system and the activities of juvenile courts in the United States. A national resource since 1927, the archive offers low-cost, high-benefit data collection.Other Research-Related Web Sites
Examines the characteristics of youth, mentors, matches, and program dynamics in some 162 JUMP projects located throughout the United States. JUMP uses a variety of processes to collect data and support the evaluation, including, for example, an automated JUMP Management Information System, where grantees can enter pertinent information about their program; the Problem Oriented Screening Instrument for Teens (POSIT), which is used to obtain pre- and postmentoring data from teenage youth participating in JUMP; and youth and mentor exit forms, which provide valuable information about the mentoring experience. The research began in 1997 and is funded through 2001.
Measures the success of SafeFutures efforts to prevent and reduce juvenile violence and delinquency. The evaluation compares desired program outcomes (reducing delinquency, youth violence, and the associated risk factors) with the strategic planning process and the development of effective, integrated services. The evaluation plan relies on qualitative and quantitative components to describe the target population, monitor the juvenile justice systems prevention and intervention services, and track the systems evolution. The process evaluation, which has been conducted during the first 18 months of the program, will continue over the life of the project.
Provides technical support for evaluating community-based, interagency truancy reduction programs. Facilitates ongoing community self-assessments, strengthens community collaboratives, assists with program development, and conducts evaluation activities. Defines the scope and characteristics of truancy; identifies community strengths and gaps; identifies, targets, and recruits key local stakeholders who can contribute to the programs success; and develops program strategies targeting students who are truant or at risk of being truant. Conducts site-based and cross-program analyses to find the critical success factors of community-based collaboratives and truancy reduction programs.
Provides assistance to States and localities in evaluating juvenile justice programs funded by the Title II Formula Grant Program. The site offers information on assessing program effectiveness to individuals throughout the juvenile justice field. Users can search specific juvenile justice program areas for information on performance measures, evaluation designs, evaluation instruments, and publications. Users will also find links to the Federal Governments juvenile-related programs and initiatives. The site enables States to share evaluation information with one another by making available examples of State reports, contracts, and forms.
Includes a brief overview of the National Center for Juvenile Justice (NCJJ), founded in 1973 as the research division of the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges, and links to NCJJ and OJJDP publications and electronic databases, including the Easy Access series. NCJJs areas of expertise include data collection, research and analysis, information management and dissemination, program planning, facility design evaluation, and technical assistance. Its information and services are designed to meet the needs of juvenile and family court judges, educators, State and Federal legislators, researchers, parents, juvenile correctional personnel, attorneys, and members of the media. NCJJ has also produced Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 1999 National Report, the most comprehensive source of information about juvenile crime, violence, and victimization.
Expands and maintains the body of critical knowledge about youth gangs and effective responses to them. Assists State and local jurisdictions in the collection, analysis, and exchange of information on gang-related demographics, legislation, literature, research, and promising program strategies. Coordinates activities of the OJJDP Youth Gang Consortiuma group of Federal agencies, gang program representatives, and other service providers. In carrying out its mission, NYGC performs six major tasks: collects and analyzes statistical data on gangs, compiles gang-related legislation, reviews gang literature, identifies promising program strategies, coordinates Youth Gang Consortium activities, and provides technical assistance to the Rural Gang Initiative and the Gang-Free Schools and Communities Initiative.
Implements performance-based standards that improve the services and practices at 57 youth detention and correction centers in 21 States across the country. These standards cover the following areas of correctional facility operation: safety, order, security, programming, health and mental health, and justice. The projects main goals are to develop a set of standards that individual facilities should strive to meet, create tools to help facilities attain these goals through regular self-assessment and self-improvement, allow facilities to evaluate their performance over time and in comparison with other facilities nationwide, and promote effective practices and help facilities support one another. Participating facilities use this Web site to tabulate data, receive reports, and obtain resources and technical assistance for improving performance. Visitors to the site may obtain information about the tools used by the PbS project, including performance-based standards, data collection instruments, facility improvement plans, site reports, diagnostic pages, and resources.
Improves the understanding of serious delinquency, violence, and drug use by examining how youth develop within the context of family, school, peers, and community. This program includes three coordinated longitudinal projects: the Denver Youth Survey at the University of Colorado, the Pittsburgh Youth Study at the University of Pittsburgh, and the Rochester Youth Development Study at the University at Albany, State University of New York. These projects share a similar research design that involves repeated contacts with youth during a substantial portion of their developmental years. In each project, researchers conduct individual, face-to-face interviews with inner-city youth considered at high risk for involvement in delinquency and drug abuse. Multiple perspectives on each childs development and behavior are obtained through interviews with the childs primary caretaker and, in two sites, through interviews with teachers. In addition to interview data, the studies collect extensive information from official agencies, including police, courts, schools, and social services.