A number of people have been instrumental in helping to improve this Summaryís quality and in bringing it to completion. John J. Wilson, Acting Administrator, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), made very helpful suggestions. Betty Chemers, Deputy Administrator of Discretionary Grants, OJJDP, played a key role in reconceptualizing its format to facilitate use by practitioners. James Burch, Program Officer, OJJDP, provided text material describing OJJDPís five-site Comprehensive Community-Wide Approach to Gang Prevention, Intervention, and Suppression and was especially helpful in improving the final version of the Summary. Phelan Wyrick served as the Program Officer for the National Youth Gang Center project, made valuable contributions, and helped expedite its publication. Other OJJDP staff also made helpful comments. Ellen McLaughlin of the Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse masterfully reorganized and edited the manuscript and coordinated the production of the Summary.

Several colleagues helped make significant improvements to this Summary. Bruce Buckley, Lee Colwell, David Curry, Malcolm Klein, Cheryl Maxson, Walter Miller, Joan Moore, John Moore, Jim Short, Jr., and Barbara Tatem Kelley provided very helpful comments on earlier drafts. The author also is grateful to National Youth Gang Center staff for their helpful review comments. In addition, Rolf Loeber and David Farrington reviewed and provided very insightful comments on a portion of the material in this Summary in the course of editing Serious and Violent Juvenile Offenders: Risk Factors and Successful Interventions (Loeber and Farrington, 1998). The authorís chapter in that publication—which also is in the Final Report of the OJJDP Study Group on Serious and Violent Juvenile Offenders (Loeber and Farrington, 1997)—contains some of the material in this Summary (see Howell, 1998a).


Youth Gang Programs and Strategies
OJJDP Summary
August 2000