Table 6: Adolescent Predictors of Adult Success
Note: The RL2 (explained variation) for table 6 (0.127) indicates the strength of the relationship between adult success and the set of adolescent predictors, taken as a group. It is the percentage reduction in error of prediction. The RL2 of 0.127 indicates that it is possible to reduce the error in predicting adult success by 12.7 percent if all of the adolescent predictors listed in the table are known.
* The likelihood ratio criterion, p(lr), indicates the extent to which the predictive effects of the adolescent variables are statistically significant, either for the model as a whole (global significance) or for a particular comparison (nonsuccess versus stable success, or unstable success versus stable success). One way to interpret p(lr) is to think of it as the probability that the observed effect is just a coincidence, as opposed to a real effect of the adolescent predictor on the adult outcome. Effects are considered statistically significant if p < .05 or marginally significant if p < .10; if p is greater than .10, one cannot be certain whether the effect in the table represents a real impact of the predictor on the outcome, as opposed to random variation or coincidence.
† Odds ratios represent the factor by which to multiply the odds of a particular outcome for each predictor (e.g., being a victim of violence in adolescence multiplies the odds of nonsuccess as opposed to stable success in adulthood by a factor of 1.376).